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Bloomington, MN Crime Bulletin 2023 Overview Burglary has been a rising problem in Bloomington, MN over the past couple of years. Bloomington is an Urban community with a high population (89,298 residents in 2021, (United States Census Bureau, 2023)). The city is populated with many parks, malls/shopping centers, and large corporate offices. These environmental factors can play a role in the large rates of burglary throughout the city. Time Frame/DoW of Offenses 5:33 AM - 9:00 PM Middle of the Week (Tuesday - Thursday) Geographic Location As mentioned in the overview, Bloomington is an Urban community with many residents. This means there are many residential homes throughout the community. Bloomington is also home to many corporate offices and larger office buildings. Theories There are two main theories that can be used to help explain these burglaries throughout the community. First is the rational choice perspective. According to this perspective, potential offenders go through a cost-benefit analysis before committing a crime (Groff & Vigne, 2001). On the LexisNexis Community Crime Map (2023), it can be seen that many of the residential/home burglaries reported in Bloomington are from the same neighborhood. Groff & Vigne (2001), hypothesized that this could be the cause of a "threshold effect." Once a potential
2 offender finds a neighborhood that suits their needs, any target within that area is good. The second theory that can be used to explain burglary throughout Bloomington, MN is routine activity theory. This theory is used more to explain why someone is targeted for a crime. According to this theory, there are certain aspects of an individual's daily routine that can make them a perfect target. For example, one burglary reported in Bloomington occurred at a car dealership in the early hours of the morning. Routine activity theory would conclude that the dealership was a perfect target due to its easy access, lack of security during the early morning, as well as being located in less densely populated areas of the city. References Groff, E., & Vigne, N. (2001). Mapping an opportunity surface of residential burglary. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38 (3), 257- 278. LexisNexis. (2023). Community crime map. United States Census Bureau. (2023). Bloomington. Datacommons.org
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