Individual W8- Personal Understanding of Diversity, Equity & Inclusion

Personal Understanding of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion The two videos that I selected to watch were What is Ethnicity? and The Racist Origins of U.S. Law . The first new concept that I learned from the ethnicity video is how race differs from ethnicity. Race was a large focus of both scientific and social categorization in the 19 th century, determining everything from legal status to the assignment of assumed traits. However, by the early 20 th century, social scientists were looking for ways to describe shared cultures that did not have racial markers or strict national origins as the common thread, which is when they turned to ethnicity as a method of categorization. According to the video, the definition of ethnicity is the understanding that a group of people have a shared cultural origin. This could be a national origin or people who come from a shared way of life. An example is that an individual can identify ethnically as Indian but also as Punjabi. In this case, the broader ethnic identifier also encompasses or includes the narrower identifier. The second new concept that I learned is that ethnicity and race are not stable. They are ever-changing processes that are radically contingent on history, politics, geography, culture, and many other factors. Ultimately, race and ethnicity are not categories that translate seamlessly from culture to culture, even within the United States, as these terms take on radically different meanings that depend on one's vantage point. Ethnicity and race have some very interwoven roots, even though they are not synonymous. In addition, the first new concept that I learned from the racist origins video is the difference between crime and punishment. According to the video, crime is defined as the breaking of laws, while punishment is defined as the penalty for committing crimes. There is not a direct relationship between how much crime is committed and what types of punishments are meted out. Nations with remarkably similar crime rates often have vastly different sentencing and punishment standards. Crime rates and punishment rates often do not align, and governments
decide how much punishment to give. The second new concept that I learned is how the Jim Crow laws were designed to limit the freedom of African Americans. According to the video, Jim Crow introduced a set of laws that systematically stripped black citizens of their rights while also relegating them to inferior separate but equal public facilities like schools, washrooms, and sections of the bus. Black citizens were denied access to basic rights, like voting, while suffering under the weight of racial terror imposed by groups called the KKK and other white supremacists. These Jim Crow laws lasted from the late 19 th century to the early 20 th , causing a large amount of suffering and great pain for the black community. As I continue as a nurse, these videos will help me in my career by strengthening my cultural competence and awareness. Improving nursing diversity strengthens trust and communication between patients and nurses. As leaders in the field of public health, nurses need to consider the ethnic and racial identities of their patients to ensure that they are providing them with optimal care. Cultural respect is critical to reducing ethnic and racial health disparities. It helps improve access to high-quality health care that is respectful of and responsive to the needs of diverse patients. In general, integrating an appreciation for cultural diversity into a nurse's decision-making process can foster a positive nurse-patient relationship and encourage safer and healthier environments in care facilities.
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