Reading: Kingston Penitentiary C. J. Taylor, whose work well describes the intellectual and social influences that shaped Kingston Penitentiary, literally and figuratively • Foucault was among the few theorists who was concerned not only with penitentia origins, but especially with the problem of their continued existence • the key for Foucault was the degree to which this observation technique marked a political power; knowledge, orsavoir, was not simple observation, but a disciplina writing intended to examine, regulate, and remake the convict • Women in the prison: moved from the hospital to another wing, and in 1852 were again housed in the prison hospital awaiting the completion of the new dining hall, after which they would occupy the old •The "insane" in the prison: they were not only shuffled about the prison in similar fashion as the women, but they were also temporarily moved outside the penitentiary •the threat of male and female convicts mingling within the penitentiary motivated administrators to lobby for the removal of the womeǹat such a distance from the Penitentiary as would preclude the possibility of the male and female convicts bein able to see or hold any communication with one another • Female and insane convict populations, then, did little to advertise the success of th penitentiary model, and were treated as disciplinary outcasts •Given a largely uncooperative convict population, the range of effective discipline was, over the years, eroded by the dusty grit of penitentiary operation •Prison records describe the praxis of discipline and reformation as a contested, prolonged, and disappointing affair •Kingston Penitentiary, then, was an institution whose stated mission wasfractured by experience: relentless confrontations between staff and convicts, and between staff members, meant that penitentiary duties were gritty and mundane, complex an stubborn •Summary: convicts were overwhelmingly unskilled agricultural and industrial laborer's who worked for poor wages, in poor conditions, complained about poor food, and organized strikes.1.Readings Week 2 Friday, September 8, 20239:39 AM
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Women were shunted out of general prison life and resented for disrupting, somehow, the smooth routine of a male-oriented disciplinary society. 2.Homosexuality, whatever its practice, could by no means be acknowledged. 3.Political patronage and corruption were ubiquitous, and shoddy administration was the rule of this society. 4.The educated and wealthy governed the generally poor and semi-literate working population 5.Foucault's vision of penitentiary discipline reproducing itself throughout society is poorly supported by the Kingston experience6.
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