SOC 100 Week 4 Assignment His innovative emphasis on the examination of social realities was one significant contribution that Emile Durkheim made to sociology. According to Durkheim, institutions, conventions, and other objectively observable facets of society have a big impact on how people behave. Durkheim created the groundwork for a more methodical, scientific approach to studying society by concentrating on social realities. Karl Marx's revolutionary viewpoint on the nature of the class struggle and the impact of economic forces on society had a significant impact on sociology. Marx's theories served as the foundation for conflict theory in sociology, which emphasizes how social conflict and change are fueled by the uneven distribution of resources and power among social groups. Sociological assessments of power, inequality, and social change have been significantly influenced by his focus on the bourgeoisie (capitalist class) and the proletariat (working class) as key players in the dynamics of capitalism. Through his groundbreaking work on the idea of "double consciousness" and his dedication to the study of racial inequity, DuBois significantly influenced sociology. One of the first sociologists to examine African Americans' experiences in the US from a sociological perspective was DuBois. In a racially stratified society, where they had to reconcile their dual identities as Americans and Blacks, African Americans suffered internal turmoil that he called "double consciousness." DuBois' work served as a foundation for the sociological study of race and ethnicity by emphasizing the significance of identifying the distinctive experiences of oppressed groups and addressing the structural causes of racial inequity.
Being one of the first female sociologists and for her groundbreaking work in using a sociological viewpoint to examine social institutions and social change, Harriet Martineau made a fundamental contribution to sociology. Martineau's publications in the 19th century, when women's voices were frequently suppressed, offered significant perspectives on themes of gender, class, and injustice. Max Weber had a significant impact on sociology with his conception of the "ideal type." This methodological approach was developed by Weber to aid in the comprehension and analysis of intricate social processes. The ideal type is a theoretical construct that depicts the fundamental traits of social phenomena. It enables researchers to compare results and acquire a better understanding of events in the actual world. The emphasis on abstraction and conceptualization in comprehending social reality was emphasized by this technique, which made significant contributions to the creation of a more systematic and rigorous sociological methodology.