Exam-1-compiled-notes-dr-fey

.pdf
School
Arizona State University **We aren't endorsed by this school
Course
SOC 101
Subject
Sociology
Date
Oct 27, 2023
Pages
9
Uploaded by KidDolphin3850 on coursehero.com
Studocu is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university Exam 1 Compiled Notes - Dr. Fey Introductory Sociology (Arizona State University) Studocu is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university Exam 1 Compiled Notes - Dr. Fey Introductory Sociology (Arizona State University) Downloaded by Nate Willis ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|31808555
Exam 1 Compiled Notes Sociology - "the systematc study of human society " Sociologists collect empirical data to support or refute a theory There is always going to be an excepton to the rule Sociologists see the general in the partcular Benefts of the sociological perspectve Helps us assess the "truth" behind common sense assumptons o Absence makes the heart grow fonder Sociology asks students to give up familiar assumptons Sociological imaginaton - society is ofen responsible for many of our problems o Ex: women or disabled people's opportunites There are consequences to everything that we do o Theory - statement to explain partcular phenomenon o Ex: someone driving with blinker on but not turning.... Why? o Paradigm - a set of fundamental assumptons that guides thinking (umbrella) o Theory that's been around for so long it is more of a guideline o Neither true nor false o Macrotheory - understanding the "big picture" o Ex: class struggles, internatonal relatons o Microtheory - understanding social life at the intmate level of individuals and their interactons o Ex: student-faculty interactons Durkheim is the father of sociology (as a scientfc discipline) Durkheim's study of suicide o More likely: male protestants, wealthy, unmarried o Less likely: male Jews and Catholics, poor, married o We are all products of our environment Socializaton: The Process of Becoming Human Nature vs nurture - is socializaton hereditary (biological) or learned from society (sociological) Sociobiological - we have a predispositon as infants but grow and develop later on Socializaton is: a lifelong process of social experiences, leading to: - Personality development Downloaded by Nate Willis ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|31808555
o The fairly consistent paterns of thinking, feeling, and actng Durkheim - norms of a culture are established in us, then we take those norms and create society around it - WE create society Personality development o Self - one's sense of identty and awareness of self, awareness of being human o Self-concept - how you view yourself o Self - esteem - how much you value yourself Self A developmental process occurring between the stmulus and response "I" and "Me" is similar to Freud's ID, EGO, and Superego o "I" - unpredictable, selfsh, self-aware (viewer) o "Me"- socially derived, predictable, conformity (object) 3 Agents of Socializaton: 1. Parents 2. Peers 3. Schools Other agents- Technology, media, religion Elements of the Social Structure Insttuton Group Status Role Statuses - a positon in a social structure that determines where a person fts in society and how they are expected to act and relate to others Status set - all the statuses held at one tme o Ex: employee, daughter, single, etc. Types of statuses 1. Ascribed status a. Social positon assigned at birth (most ofen) or at a later stage in the life cycle i. Ex: race, social class... cancer or accidents 2. Achieved status Downloaded by Nate Willis ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|31808555
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