1. Which of the explanations for deviance discussed (biological, labeling theory,
Durkheim's theory, strain theory) best explains deviance? Why?
The best explanation of defiance that was discussed is Durkheim's theory of
defiance. It explains how the absence of significant social norms leads to
social instability. This is because he explained why defiance is important in
our society. In different societies like America, people are labeled on their
race, sex, age, and income.
2. Sociologists argue that what is considered deviant varies from culture to culture.
Give an example of something that might be considered deviant in one area but
would be the norm in another. Discuss your personal opinion of whether this
activity is deviant and why.
One example that is deviant in one area and maybe not in the other is eating
certain animals and species. For example, Muslim societies don't eat pork,
and then in different societies, that is a norm that has been a norm for a very
long time. My opinion on this activity is that it is deviant and people
worldwide in different societies have different norms.
3. Hirschi provides several factors that he believes influence whether or not a person
will act in a deviant way. Which one do you think is most important in preventing
Hirschi believes that a key element in avoiding deviation is being socialized
into the accepted belief system of society. As a result, socialization, kinship,
and social control are his top priorities. Therefore, I believe the social
environment is the most significant factor in determining personality. Those
prevent deviance the best.