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1 Criminal Justice Violence Name University's name Course Instructor Date
2 Question 1 The "Elite Squad" thriller film directed by José Padilha, also called "Tropa de Elite" in Portuguese, is a Brazilian crime which was released in 2007. The film depicts the war against drugs, especially in the cities, as it focuses on the city of Rio de Janeiro. In addition, the storyline follows Captain Roberto Nascimento, played by Wagner Moura, who is a member of the elite police force BOPE (Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais). Nascimento, torn between his duty to uphold the law and his frustration with the bureaucratic shortcomings of the justice system, narrates the film as he seeks a replacement for his position within the squad. While Nascimento continues to train Matias and Neto, the narrative unfolds into a gritty exploration of the challenges faced by law enforcement in the favelas, where drug lords wield considerable power and corruption is deeply entrenched. Other than violence and drugs, the film examines the economic and social factors that perpetuate the cycle of violence, highlighting the harsh realities that the people of Rio go through. Generally, "Elite Squad" portrays urban warfare while, at the same time, it explores the multifaceted issues surrounding crime and corruption in Brazil. Question 2 a) There are several instances in the film that depict violent behavior and violence in general. Beginning from characters and roles, the characters in the film, both criminals and law enforcement, engage in violent acts. For example, the protagonist, Captain Nascimento, and his elite squad, BOPE, use aggressive and brutal tactics to combat drug traffickers. In contrast, drug lords retaliate by resorting to extreme violence to maintain control. Similarly, the scenes and settings depict violence because the film is set in crime- ridden favelas of Rio de Janeiro, where drug trafficking and violence are pervasive. The chaotic and densely populated environment contributes to a heightened sense of tension
3 and conflict. Additionally, the hierarchical structures within the criminal organizations involve violent methods to establish dominance and control over territories. Power struggles among different factions lead to bloodshed and confrontations. Furthermore, in law enforcement, there are scenes showing abusive and corruptive behavior because the movie highlights ethical dilemmas encountered by the authorities, depicting how the system itself can perpetuate violence. Lastly, the movie is set in the social context of poverty systemic operation and limited opportunities, which contributes to the prevalence of violence. b) The film mainly falls under the category of structural violence because it focuses on social structures and systemic issues that cause violence within Brazilian society. Firstly, the movie depicts the harsh realities of poverty in the favelas, where limited opportunities, lack of access to education, and economic inequality create an environment ripe for violence. Additionally, the movie delves into police brutality, like the cations of the elite police force (BOPE) exemplify structural violence as they employ brutal and aggressive tactics to maintain control. c) After watching the film, it is true to conclude that the violence in the film feels real because of the contextual factor and the gritty portrayal. A good example from the film is when it includes innocent people like bystanders who are caught in the crossfire during police operations or gang conflicts. This mirrors the harsh reality of innocent people being affected by the violence that plagues such areas. From the readings, violent crimes have claimed the lives of innocent individuals; in 2017, 17,284 people were murdered violently in the United States. Therefore, the movie depicts real situations, and the
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