1 Activity: M10-Evaluation Research Paper Charles O Agwa CJU 493 OL-Research Methods United Tribes Technical College Professor Mark R Turner November 5, 2023
2 Enhancing Understanding of Mandatory Arrest Policies in Domestic Violence: A Four- Pronged Research Approach Introduction The National Institute of Justice seeks proposals for the evaluation of a police department's mandatory arrest policy for domestic violence(Brem et al., 2023) . To comprehensively understand the impact of such policies, four distinct research projects focusing on impact, need, process, and efficiency are proposed. Research Project to Evaluate Impact: To assess the impact of mandatory arrest policies, a longitudinal study can be conducted comparing domestic violence recidivism rates before and after the implementation of the policy. The research should involve a large sample size, tracking both arrestees and victims over an extended period. This will provide insights into whether mandatory arrest policies lead to a reduction in repeated incidents. For instance, a study could examine data from jurisdictions with varying degrees of policy enforcement and measure the subsequent recurrence of domestic violence incidents. Research Project to Evaluate Need: Understanding the need for mandatory arrest policies involves assessing the prevalence and severity of domestic violence cases. A comprehensive survey can be conducted to gauge public perceptions of the severity of domestic violence, as well as the level of confidence in the criminal justice system's ability to handle such cases. By analyzing demographic factors and community characteristics, this research can identify specific contexts where mandatory arrest policies may be more or less necessary(Bridgett, 2020) . For example, a study could examine attitudes toward mandatory arrest policies in urban versus rural settings. Research Project to Evaluate Process: Evaluating the process entails examining the implementation and execution of mandatory arrest policies. Researchers can conduct interviews and surveys with law enforcement officers, victims, and legal professionals to understand the challenges and successes in the policy's application. An example could be a study analyzing body-worn camera footage to assess the adherence of officers to the mandatory arrest protocol, identifying potential obstacles in the arrest process, and exploring the impact of officer discretion on policy effectiveness. Research Project to Evaluate Efficiency: To evaluate the efficiency of mandatory arrest policies, a cost-benefit analysis can be conducted(Fulambarker, 2020). This involves quantifying the resources invested in implementing
3 and maintaining these policies and comparing them to the societal benefits, such as reduced medical costs, decreased lost productivity, and improved overall community well-being. An illustrative example could be a study comparing the cost-effectiveness of different intervention strategies, including mandatory arrest policies, counseling, and support programs. Conclusion: By undertaking these four research projects, the National Institute of Justice can gain a comprehensive understanding of the impact, need, process, and efficiency of mandatory arrest policies for domestic violence. This multifaceted approach will contribute valuable insights for refining and tailoring such policies to maximize their effectiveness while minimizing potential drawbacks.