Chapter 4 Key Terms community police

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CJC 215
Oct 11, 2023
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Shayla Hewitt Chapter 4 Key Terms 1. Analysis (in SARA) - Examines the identified problem's causes, scope, and effects. It includes determining how often the problem occurs, how long it has been occurring, and what conditions appear to create the problem. (Page 102) 2. Assessment (in SARA) - Refers to evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention. 3. DOC model - Dilemmas options consequences changes officers to carefully consider their decisions and the short- and long-term consequences of those decisions, with the goal of fusing problem solving and morally. (Page 108) 4. Effectiveness - Is a measure of how well the response produces the desired result or goal. (Page 100) 5. Efficiency - Involves minimizing waste, expense, or unnecessary effort. Efficient, responding promptly and dealing with the problem, usually to the citizen's satisfaction. (Page 100) 6. Entrapment - Is an act of government agents to induce a person to commit a crime that is not normally considered by the person for the purpose of prosecuting that person. (Page 109)
7. Geographic information systems (GIS) - Enhances traditional mapping by adding information from various other databases. (Page 115) 8. Geographic profiling - Takes crime mapping technique and turns them inside out by using a complex mathematical algorithm and the locations of past crimes to calculate probabilities of a suspect's residence. (Page 115) 9. Hot spots - Areas where incidents of crime and disorder tend to cluster near one another. (Page 113) 10.Impact evaluation - Determines if the problem declined. (Page 104) 11.Incident - An isolated event that requires a police response. (Page 95) 12. Least-effort principle - Which posits that criminals tend to commit crimes a safe distance away from their residence yet still within a zone where they feel comfortable and familiar. (Page 116) 13. Magnet phenomenon - Occurs when a phone number or address is associated with a crime simply because it was a convenient number or address to use. (Page 101)
14. Mediation - Sometimes called alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is shared problem solving by parties in dispute guided by a neutral person. (Page 109) 15. Problem-oriented policing (POP) - A departmental wide strategy aimed at solving persistent community problems. Police identify, analyze, and respond to the underlying circumstances that create incidents. (Page 95) 16. Problem-solving approach - Involves identifying problems and making decisions about how best to deal with them. (Page 94) 17. Process evaluation - Determines if the response was implemented as planned. (Page 104) 18. Qualitative data - Examine the excellence (quality) of the response, that is, how satisfied were the officers and the citizens.? (Page 102) 19. Quantitative data - Examine the amount of change (quantity) because of the response. (Page 102) 20. Response (in SARA) - Is acting to alleviate the problem that is, selecting the alternative solution or solutions to try. (Page 102)
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