CJUS 369 Sex Trafficking and Child Welfare

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CJUS 369
Oct 21, 2023
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Sex Trafficking and Child Welfare: Annotated Bibliography McDonald, K. P., Fisher, R., & Connolly, J. (2023). Building a specialized model of care for youth involved in sex trafficking in child welfare: A systematic review and interviews with experts-by-experience. Child Abuse & Neglect , 135, 105987-105987. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2022.105987 This article addresses the global issue of the effects of sex trafficking on child welfare. Additionally, this article focuses on components that can influence the development of anti- trafficking programs. As mentioned by McDonald et al., the two primary goals of their article were to "systematically review the literature for programs implemented with child-welfare involved youth at risk of or involved in sex trafficking and examine the convergent and divergent evidence through interviews with experts-by-experience" (p.1). Utilizing the systematic review, the researchers found a supported model of care which is composed of two main components, wraparound supports and trained caregivers and supported foster homes. In addition to these findings, the researchers provided recommendations for prevention and intervention through their qualitative study. Experts-by-evidence, as presented in this article, explored the concepts of convergence and divergence of evidence. The study included survivors removed from sex trafficking by police including women with direct child welfare involvement (p. 4). Following their analysis, the researchers identified the importance of implementing service as part of the model of care as stated in their systematic review findings (p. 5). Essential services such as wraparound and internal case management assist in supporting youth at risk of involvement in sex trafficking. While their findings presented some essential aspects of ensuring risk management, their findings also presented limitations such as involving multiple forms of evidence and recommendations (p. 11). Additional limitations included experts-by-experience
and approaching the data through a post positivist perspective. Lastly, the researchers conclude that their findings present a starting point for future development and implementation of models of care for child welfare. Direct policy implications, screening of sex trafficking risk factors, sex trafficking education, and pre-training programs can provide a strong foundation to develop a model of care (p.11).
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