Soc 408 Ch 11 Reflection Worksheet #7 1.I think that there are pros and cons for the intensity of medical school. Some pros are that the intensity can prepare the doctors for challenges they will face in their profession and that it weeds out those who are not fit for the job. However, since the intensity of training can lead to emotional detachment, that can cause doctors to treat patients insensitively. This not only negatively impacts the students, but the patients as well since they will face the social and emotional consequences of illness. 2.Professional socialization is the procedure of learning the skills, knowledge, and values necessary for a particular profession and becoming a legitimate member of society. This will have a significant effect on a person's morality and professional conduct. The skills, knowledge, and values I'll need to master my anticipated future profession is a masters or doctorate degree, communicate with people throughout the profession, and know the human body 3.Medical norms are a fixed idea or standard on how doctors should act, think, and feel. 4.The 6 most important norms that doctors should value described in Chapter 11 are: ●emotional detachment- Medical training regularly reinforces emotional detachment since peers and others in the field ridicule emotion. Students learn to describe individuals with names such as "the patient" or "the ulcer" separating the person from the body. ●clinical experience- Medical culture instills a set of attitudes towards illness, medical care, and the body. Students are frequently told to place more emphasis on their intuition and their teachers' clinical expertise than the findings of scientific study. ●mastering uncertainty- There is no way for pupils to be assured they have handled a patient correctly because the answers to so many medical questions remain unknown. Students must also learn to assess whether their struggles with patient care is caused by a lack of information in the area or by a lack of familiarity with the knowledge that is already available. ●mechanistic model- Medical students are taught to think of the body as a machine or factory as well as to compare illness to a mechanical failure.
●Intervention- Professors frequently spend a significant amount of class time promoting the advantage of technological solutions and urge students to actively seek out experience in fields like surgery. The majority of their professors praise those who do so. ●emphasis on rare or acute illnesses- doctors are taught by medical culture to find acute illness more fascinating than chronic illness. Similar to this, medical culture teaches doctors that rare diseases are more fascinating than common diseases because the former demand highly developed diagnostic abilities and advanced instruments even when they cannot be treated. 5.Emotional detachment can be connected to an earlier concept we covered in class called medicalization. Emotional detachment could be a major factor in medicalization since doctors are more likely to medicalize their patient due to being detached from the patient itself and the social consequences of being labeled ill. 6.Three suggested actions for reforming medical training: ●Patient-centered perspective: Many medical schools now introduce students to patients far sooner in their training than they used to, as opposed to the past when students often spent their first two years studying biology and anatomy and rarely dealing with patients. ●Cultural competence: relates to the capability of health care professionals to recognize how their own cultural identity and biases affect their interactions with patients, and provide medical care that better meets their patients' emotional and physical needs. According to research, culturally competent healthcare enhances the likelihood that people from minority cultures will seek medical help, and be happy with the treatment they get. ●AMA: Refers to the American Hospital Association which encourages doctors to admit their errors to patients and their supervisors. I think that the most beneficial suggested action is the patient centered perspective. I think that more contact between patients and doctors is beneficial for doctors to feel more comfortable overtime.
Define the following terms: Allopathic doctors- stems from the Greek meaning of cure by opposites or drugs in a medical sense. Therefore just a regular doctor. Homeopathic doctors- believe that a substance that produces an illness in healthy people can treat an illness in sick people by causing similar symptoms Placebo effect- when a person takes a placebo or "dummy" medication and their physical or mental health seems to get better. Heroic medicine- advocates that bloodletting and purging/ vomiting shock the body back to health. Flexner Report- altered the nature and method of medical education in America, leading to the closure of exclusive institutions and the adoption of the biomedical model as the industry norm. Professional Dominance- refers to having control over all other occupations operating in the same economic sector and being free from being controlled by other occupations or groupings. Primary Care Doctors- The first doctors that people often consult when they require medical care who specialize in internal medicine, pediatrics, and family or general practice. Professional Socialization- The process of learning the skills, knowledge, and values of an occupation. Enables doctors to learn norms.