Criminal Behaviour and Victimology Topic 3 - Differential Association TheoryGrand Canyon University Differential Association Theory Allison Countryman 1Grand Canyon University, Phoenix, Arizona, United States February 19, 2023 1. Introduction 1.1 Background of the Problem A pimp is a person who procures sexual services for another in exchange formoney or other benefits.Pimps are an issue because they target vulnerable people anduse force and coercionto exploit them. Theyalso abuse their victimsemotionallyandphysically, but stillconvince them that theact is all out of love(Otranto,2016).Pimping is a seriousfelony,aspimpsspecifically traffic the vulnerablefor commercial sex acts (Hedding, 2022). Pimps use the profit that they make from the sexual exploitation and use theirvictims vulnerbilities to sustain their powerful controland dominance (Davis,2022, pg. 1). Pimpsoften use violence,threats,and manipulation to control their victims and strip them of their autonomy. This can lead to victims feeling trapped and unable to leave the situation. 1.2 Groups: Characteristics and Motives Pimpsare controllingand manipulativepeople, and they may resort to physical and emotional abusetomaintain control, along with using manipulation and coercion to keep their vulnerable victims in line. In a study, nearly one third of pimps were exposed to sex work at a young age making the trade seem normal and a successful way to earn a living (Carter, 2014). Pimps are typically individuals who seek to gain economic and socialpowerover vulnerablepeople, particularly women and children, in order to
Criminal Behaviour and Victimology Topic 3 - Differential Association TheoryGrand Canyon University exploitthemforfinancial gain. Pimpsgenerally have a strongdesire for money andpower and will usemanipulation,intimidation,andviolence to achieve theirgoals (Hedding, 2022).They often have abackground in criminalactivity and view thepeople they exploit asobjects rather thanhuman beings. They may be motivated by a desire to gain control over others or an addiction to the lifestyle that comes with being a pimp. 2. Theoretical Framework 2.1 Differential association theoryDifferential association theory is a criminologist theory that provides a consistent explanation on all types of delinquent and criminal behaviors. This theory suggests that criminal action is learned through the process of communication and interaction with others in a social environment. This theory is based on the premise that criminal behavior is acquired through interactions with other individuals and groups who have criminal attitudes, values, and beliefs. Suggesting that criminal behavior is learned in the same way any other behavior is learned. The more an individual associates with those who have criminal attitudes, the more likely they are to become involved in criminal behavior. 3. Discussion Differential association theory suggests that individuals become involved in criminal activity as a result of the influence of various social groups. The theory argues that criminals learn their criminal behavior from the people they associate with, such as peers, family, and other social networks. For example, pimps typically come from disadvantaged backgrounds and often have a history of involvement in the criminal justice system. They have been exposed to criminal behavior early on in their lives, such as drug use and gang activity. This exposure can lead to an increased association
Criminal Behaviour and Victimology Topic 3 - Differential Association TheoryGrand Canyon University with other pimps, whichcan further reinforcetheir involvement incriminal activities.Additionally, pimps mayhave motivations suchas financial gain andpower over others,which can lead them toengage in criminalactivities. Pimps aremotivated by a need forrecognition and respectwithin their socialgroup, which can leadthem to participate incriminal activities inorder to gain the respectof their peers. All thesefactors can contribute toa pimp's involvement incriminal activity.4. Conclusion Pimpsare individuals who control and exploit sex workers for profit. They often have a history of criminal activity and use violenceand intimidation to maintain theirpower.They typically have a range of motivations for their activities,including money, power, and control.Differential associationtheoryexplains how pimps form associations with other criminals, which can lead to a cycle of criminal activity. It isimportant to recognize the dangers posed by pimps and the need for effective interventions topreventtheir exploitation of sex workers.In order to combat this issue, it is important to create awarenessand education around the dangers of pimping and sex trafficking. It is also important to provide resources and support to victims of trafficking, such as access to medical care, housing, and counseling. Finally, law enforcement should work to identify and prosecute pimps and ensure that victims receive justice in the criminal justice system. References Carter, J. (2014, March 12).9 things you should know about pimps and sex traffickers. The Gospel Coalition. Retrieved February 19, 2023, from https://www.thego spelcoalition.org/a rticle/9-things- you-should-know-
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