Group 2 gnedassignment[1](1)

Global citizenship Farai Gonzo RAHUL GAEG - 301241213 CHERISH ALADE -301275510 HARSIMRAN SINGH -301199353 KOUASSI ANGE NATHANAEL AKIREM - 301235823 Yaksh Sikotra - 301309436
Part1 The social problem we researched is Child sexual abuse. Child sexual abuse is an international and unlawful involvement of minors in sexual activities, which causes physical, emotional, and psychological harm to minors. It involves a range of abusive behaviors such as rape, molestation, grooming, exposure to explicit content, and coercion. "This devastating issue has far-reaching consequences on children's well-being, mental health, and overall development." This was According to the " Child Protection: Annual Report 2019/20 ". The country we are concentrating on is South Africa. The issue of child sexual abuse in South Africa concerns us because it highlights the urgent need for awareness, education, and support to address the profound impact on individuals and society. Number of reported rapes and rape rate in South Africa 2008-2009 2009-2 010 2010-1 011 2011-2012 2012-2 013 2013-2 014 2014-2015 2015-2 016 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2 019 2019-2020 2020-2021 2021-2 022 0 50,000 100,000 150,000 Rape Rate Reported Rapes Reported Rape Rate per 100,000 This data shows the reported number of rapes and corresponding rape rates per 100,000 people. The data reveals variations in the number of rapes that are reported, with some years having greater rates than others. For instance, the number of reported rapes peaked in 2010-11 at 98,146, while the lowest rate was recorded in 2016-17 at 71 per 100,000. The most recent data available shows 36,330 reported rapes in 2020/21 and 41,739 reported rapes in 2021/22. The data also shows a general trend of changing but generally steady rape rates across the years. Check The sexual exploitation of children in South Africa has the potential to have an international impact and lead to several related problems. The trauma endured by abused children can result in mental health issues, casting a shadow on well-being that lasts into adulthood and possibly influencing dynamics in global mental health. Furthermore, the connection between child sexual abuse and HIV/AIDS transmission in a nation with high incidence rates may help this health emergency extend beyond national borders. This upsetting condition can also affect migratory trends, posing problems with refugees and displacement. To comply with more general Sustainable Development Goals and foster a safer environment for children globally, the world may confront challenges that go beyond cultural conventions by tackling child sexual abuse in South Africa. Part 2: Triangle Model 1-What is the blame and stereotype that people put on the people that are affected by the social problem?
Child sexual abuse in South Africa is only a black community problem: Even though it affects mostly the black community in South Africa it is important to note that around 20% of the population of this country is made of white and mixed people and so this problem can affect them too. The victims of child sexual abuse are poor: Many people think that children suffer from sexual abuse because they live in poverty which is right but it is not the case every time. Other causes are the existence of crime cartels that can monetize this problem and the lack of education in society. The victims are not innocent: The reinterpretation of the story by the media and public opinion can lead people to believe that the victim is at fault. An example would be that if a little girl is raped in a dangerous neighborhood, some people may think that it is the responsibility of the child because of her presence in a dangerous place. 2- How the people affected themselves contributing to the social problem? The victims refuse to talk about this issue: This is not 100% accurate but some victims due to trauma or the fear of suffering again refuse to talk and prefer to isolate themselves from other people. As said by Shanta Dube,'' Studies of CSA have demonstrated strong relationships to several negative health, behavioral, and social outcomes among male and female survivors that are currently public health priorities, which include HIV risk behaviors, psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and suicidality '' (May 2005). This behavior participates in slowing down the fight against this social issue. 3- Do they want to get out of the problem? This question is definitively a yes for me. First, the main victims of the problems are children who are not aware of the violence they are suffering. It is clear that at a certain age, they will regret those moments of their lives and so as long as they are children they do not consent and do not want to take part in this problem. Second, even though some victims could have a beneficial gain from this problem (For example a cartel of prostitution for minors), it is still a traumatizing experience for anyone. I sincerely doubt that anybody would like to be traumatized every day. To resume, there is no chance that any victim would have a desire to undergo repeated sexual abuse.
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