With the United States having 329.9 mil. and Canada, 38.2 mil., we can conclude that the United States
has a larger total population. However, Canada has a greater net migration. Thus, we have more
people settling in Canada, than emigrating. In comparison, the United States' net migration is closer to the
negatives; therefore, they have more emigrants and fewer immigrants. Similarly, the two countries birth
rates, death rates and percentage of population aged 65+ are almost equivalent.
In 2014, about "2/3 of the population growth is due to the international migratory increase" (Laurent,
2015). In 2020, Canada has a 14-net migration rate, meaning there's still a great number of immigrants
making up the Canadian population. It was also predicted in 2014 that there would be a higher mortality
rate in the upcoming years due to a concentrated population of older aged groups, like 65+, but in 2020
we can see that the birth rate is still higher than the death rate and that there is a high net migration rate.
In the article, infant mortality is addressed. They found that infant death within the first year of life
"decreased from 100 infant deaths per 1000 population (1926), to less than 5 per 1000 population in
2011" (Bourdeau & Ouellette, 2016). This is due to certain aspects like the evolution of medicine. This
can negatively affect individuals and society by dividing social classes. Despite the fact that we have
Medicare, certain things like hearing aids, for example are to be paid by the individual, unless they're
privileged and have insurance. Thus, the evolution of medicine would allow a diagnosis, but affording the
treatment, depends on their financial stability.
The total population
The birth rate per thousand population
Death rate per thousand population
Net migration (also per thousand population)
Percentage of the population aged 65 and over