1. List the additional information you would like to obtain from Juan to complete the genogram and the ecomap. School: Who are the teachers Juan gets along with ? What subjects do they teach ? What kind of relationship does Juan have with the teachers? Are they teachers that he feels comfortably asking for help from and are they aware of his dropping grades? What is causing Juan to fight with other students? Does he feel like he is being provoked or is he the one approaching these students and starting the fights? -what academic plans had the school social worker already created forJuan, how will he achieve this? What resources has he/she already shared to Juan and what is the main goal/timeline? Church: what type of volunteer work does Juan do, how often? Are there any church friends ? How does Juan see religion ? Neighborhood: Does Juan have friends from the neighborhood ? Where does he go? Park, community center? Is this a coping mechanism to stay away from home? Home: Why can't dad find a job? Is there language barriers or immigration concerns? Can mom qualify for Medical or other community service health care? Siblings? Other relatives living at home? What is Juans relationship with mom? 2. Based on the information you do have, are you able to draw any conclusions about how to help him approach his problems? How might your approach change when
you take into consideration your own social identities? Please explain and elaborate, drawing on any of the theories in this chapter. Based on the information obtain from Juan's situation and the different theories explained throughout chapter two and how each can differently be applied in Juan's situation, I would feel strongly on using the Ecological Theory. As explained in chapter two page 69, the Ecological Theory explains that people create their own experiences based on how they see or take these experiences in. For instance, in the microsystem of the theory, Juan's home life is troubling. There is violence involved when his father drinks and his mother is dealing with a life threatening disease. When looking into Juan's school environment, he is fighting with other students and is failing in classes along with bad attendance and lack of interests by falling asleep or being bored. The Mesosytem of the Ecological Theory explains that this is a focus on the dynamics within two or more environmental settings, in this case Juan's home life and his school life, and Juan taking with him all the burdens from home to school. Further, Juan's father has lost his job and health care, and his mother is unable to receive medical care due to this loss. Although, Juan is not responsible for theses events, he is still experiencing the effects of these two problems, creating an Exosystem. "All those social settings in which things happen the affect people...(pg.69)." On the Macrosystems level, Juan is a Latino with Mexican immigrant parents, thus, being of a Mexican background can affect Juan's cultural values and the expectations of his role within his Mexican background. Is Juan expected to be the "man of the home" due to his fathers inability to provide for the family and how does hi family view education? Understanding all these systems can aid in creating an intervention plan to assist Juan on how all these affect one another, and the ability to create a plan that will allow him to achieve
success on his own with the help of the school social worker and the on going support from his church priest, allowing him to understand his role as a 16 year old. Taking into consideration my own social identities may not change too much on the way I would approach Juans assessment, I also come form a Mexican background where certain challenges such as a dad who is drinking heavily are out of the control of the wife and even less, the children. Meaning, because a father in a Mexican household is the "head of the home," what he does is not anyones business but his own, this is called a "Macho." If there is, however, an older son, the son often times takes the role of become the man of the house and being the provider. For Juan, this may also be the case and not helping Juan clearly identify his role as just a teenager, he may act out at school due to this pressure. The Ecological approach may help Juan identify that how his home and cultural life may affect the outcome of other systems, such as his school and his lack of proper coping skills based on his home problems. As well as helping Juan adapt to situations that are not within his control, such as his mothers illness. On the contrary, my social identities may very well change completely, should Juan identify with more of an American culture, considering he has lived and grown up in the United States since he was born, creating a discrepancy in how I as the Social Worker see Juans cultural identity versus his own. Rogers, A. (2019). Human behavior in the social environment : perspectives on development and the life course (5th ed.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
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