1 Six Principles of IDEA Akeylia Anderson ESE 603 Law and Ethics in Special Education Instructor: Shaley Klepfer February 22, 2023
2 Six Principles of IDEA In at least three paragraphs summarize the main principles of the IDEA Prior to 1975, children with disabilities faced discrimination. Because of their disability, students with disabilities were not permitted to attend school. Everyone, regardless of circumstance, has the right to a proper education. Special education programs have become critical for academic, personal, and emotional development. It is covered by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and several other laws that protect students with disabilities. The goal of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act is to provide disabled students with "a free appropriate public education and to give parents a voice in their child's education." (Lee,2019). The IDEA is made up of six fundamental principles that are emphasized as being critical for special education programs. The six main principles are as follows: Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE), Appropriate Evaluation, Individualized Education Program (IEP), Least Restrictive Environment (LRE), Parent and Student Participation in Decision Making, and procedural safeguards. "It is the responsibility of public schools and local school boards to ensure that every child with a disability receives a FAPE" (Saleh,2014). Public schools have professionally trained teams to provide the necessary tools for students with disabilities to achieve academic success. Students
3 with IEPs have a plan that is tailored to their specific needs. Students will be placed in the least restrictive environment based on their IEP. Parents have the right to decision-making. In at least two paragraphs, articulate the main purpose of Section 504 The Rehabilitation Act's Section 504 was the first civil rights law to protect students with disabilities. Section 504 safeguards students, parents, and all education-related personnel. According to the United States Department of Education, "no otherwise qualified individual with a disability shall be excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance." 2020 (U.S. Department of Education). Section 504 was enacted by the federal government to ensure that students succeed in school. "504 plans are formal plans developed by schools to provide children with disabilities with the necessary support." These plans prevent discrimination and safeguard the rights of students with disabilities in the classroom." (Understood Team, 2019), The 504 plans accommodate to improve students' classroom learning. In at least two paragraphs, identify the primary protections of the ADA. The Americans with Disabilities Act is a federal law that ensures people with disabilities have the same rights as people without disabilities. The ADA "prohibits disability discrimination in all areas of public life,
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