Lecture 8- constructing gender Ideal representations of masculinity and femininity Duke is standing upward and stearn, looks like he is entering your space, authority In your face item he is wearing and emphasizing authority She is sitting and her body is essentially hided by the fabric of what she is wearing Constrained in a domestic setting, small dog and a clock on the table to remind us of patients Patriarchy and domesticity Renaissance women's primary virtue were chastity and motherhood, her domain was the private world of the home Medicine and the 4 humors Women's subordinate role in renaissance culture was also tied to medical understanding of the human body Most influential was ancient theory of four humors Blood , phlegm, yellow bile and black bile Men and women were understood to be opposites Men were physiologically categorized ny superior humor and were associated with heat and dryness and woman were inferior humors associated with cold and wetness Cold wet would make her inconstant and accounted for timidity and explained menstruation and pain of childbirth Masculine ideal "Fortune is a woman and if you wish to keep her under it is necessary to beat and ill use her; and it is seen she allows herself to be mastered by the adventurous rather than by those who go to work more coldly. She is,therefore, always woman-like, a lover of young men, because they are less cautious, more violent, and with more audacity to command her."—Machiavelli,The Prince The gaze Male gaze- often spoken in reference to male artists erotic depiction of eoman but prevalance of the male toward male subject during renaissance has often been erased Male same sex love as exalted
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