Exam Pack (1)

Page 1 of 21 This paper comprises 21 pages. Pocket calculators are not required for this exam. Please complete the attendance register on the back page, tear it off and hand it to the invigilator. VERY IMPORTANT 1. You are about to answer 60 multiple-choice questions. If you are sure of the answer to an item, mark it as explained in the instructions. If you are not sure of the answer, you can either try to answer or omit the item: (a) if you answer correctly, you will receive a mark; and (b) If you answer incorrectly, you will not receive a mark. Since there is no penalty for wrong answers, you should try to answer every item in order to obtain the highest possible score. 2. Read the instructions on the examination mark-reading sheet and follow these instructions carefully. After completing the examination, you must hand in the following: (a) one mark-reading sheet; and (b) THIS EXAMINATION PAPER. CONFIDENTAIL [TURN OVER]
RSC2601 OCT/NOV 2020 Page 2 of 21 QUESTION 1 Ego involvement as a possible error in scientific inquiry is guarded against by researchers ... (a) doing a thorough literature review. (b) involving a sufficiently large sample of observations. (c) rigorously testing hypotheses. (d) sharing research results with fellow scientists. (1) (a) (2) (a) (b) (3) (a) (b) (c) (4) (c) (d) QUESTION 2 Which one of the following statements is INCORRECT regarding norms of scientific research? (1) Research results must be made available so that the scientific community can review and criticise them. (2) The purpose of organised scepticism is to ensure that scientific knowledge can be subjected to close examination. (3) In evaluating research reports reviewers should rely both on the stature of the researcher and the scientific merit of the research. (4) Scientists are slow to reject a theory even when new evidence invalidates it, but eventually they are willing to adopt a better theory. (5) The norms of scientific inquiry are only likely to be upheld if the institutional context in which research takes place is conducive to it. QUESTION 3 Identify the epistemological statement. (1) Social reality and natural reality can be studied in the same way. (2) Social reality is inherently meaningful. (3) Human beings are reflexive. (4) Patriarchy is common in traditional societies. (5) Hidden structures mask the true nature of social reality. CONFIDENTAIL
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