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CJS 245
Nov 11, 2023
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ETHICS OF RACIAL PROFILING 1 Racial Profiling and How to Address it Name Institution Professor Course Date
ETHICS OF RACIAL PROFILING 2 Racial Profiling and How to Address it Racial profiling, also known as ethnic profiling, is one form of discriminatory profiling which is mostly reported in the United States and globally. It refers to the practice of targeting and discriminating against racial/ethnic minorities in criminal profiling. Racial profiling continues to be a troubling constant for the criminal justice systems in spite of arguments that the United States has entered a new era of inclusion and equality and end of the discrimination against people of color. According to a large body of evidence, racial/ethnic minorities, especially African Americans, are more than three times more likely to be incarcerated than a majority of whites. This disparity is troubling, but the effects of racial profiling are more disturbing to victims' families and communities. So what steps should a criminal justice professional utilize to analyze the ethical dilemma in criminal profiling and ultimately decide not to profile offenders based on their racial, ethnic, nationality, and religious characteristics and backgrounds? As an ethical dilemma, the act of using race as a basis or criterion in criminal profiling undermines the progress the United States has made toward racial equality, and that reign must be put to an end. Racial profiling violates the shared value of equal treatment of all people under the law, undermines the criminal justice system's integrity, and instills a lack of confidence or distrust among these racial groups. As Velasquez et al. (1998) suggest, there are several ethical principles and virtues that criminal justice professionals apply when deciding on what they should do for ethical criminal profiling. According to Kwan, McLean, and Raicu (2021), having a framework for ethical decision-making is fundamental. Criminal justice professionals can utilize such a framework as a practical instrument for analyzing racial profiling and determining the ethical courses of action.
ETHICS OF RACIAL PROFILING 3 As suggested by Kwan, McLean, and Raicu (2021), several steps may be used by criminal justice professionals in exploring racial profiling and, ultimately, the decision on the appropriate courses of action. Accounting to the authors, the first step is identifying the ethical dilemma. Perhaps, racial profiling is a form of discriminatory practice in criminal profiling against racial/ethnic minorities, making it a moral issue. The second step involves getting the relevant facts about the ethical issue. Racial profiling is found to have dire impacts on racial minorities, especially blacks. Extensive evidence from studies in the United States indicates that blacks are more than three times more likely to be targeted in criminal profiling, making it an ethical dilemma worthy of criminal justice attention. The third step entails examining alternative actions, in this case, methods of addressing racial profiling. The fourth step may involve deciding on the most appropriate decision to mitigate racial profiling (Kwan, McLean, & Raicu, 2021). The fifth and last step involves implementing the ethical decision and reflecting on the outcome, which, in this case, consists of fairness in criminal profiling (Kwan, McLean, & Raicu, 2021).
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