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uman sexuality refers to express ourselves as sexual beings. Our gender iden- tity and our sexual orientation are parts of our sexual- ity, as is the capacity we have for erotic experiences and responses. ways we experience an LO 1.2 Identify ways in which human sexuality is characterized by diversity. The contrasting social norms related to sexuality on the islands of Inis Beag and Mangaia are a clear example of the diversity of human sexuality. Other examples of diversity, which are explored in further detail in this book, include variations in sexual orientation, gender identity, and pref- erences for different sexual behaviours. LO 1.3 Describe the interaction between ethnocul- tural diversity and attitudes toward sexuality in Canada. Canada is an ethnoculturally diverse nation. Research suggests ethnocultural factors influence attitudes toward sexuality. LO 1.4 Compare and contrast attitudes toward sexual- ity in different countries. Attitudes toward sexuality can vary considerably from one country to another. In general, Canada is more liberal with respect to sexuality issues compared to most other coun- tries. In politics and attitudes, Canada tends to take a more liberal approach to sexuality compared to the United States. Our values and our knowledge about human sexuality inform our sexual decisions. The ethics of divinity, com- munity, and autonomy represent three different ways of approaching sexual ethics. LO 1.6 Identify and describe the key elements of critical thinking. Critical thinking is a skeptical approach to evaluating argu- ments, widely held beliefs, and evidence. Critical thinkers examine definitions of terms and premises of arguments, and are cautious in drawing conclusions from evidence. LO 1.7 Discuss the various ways of looking at human sexuality. The historical perspective suggests that there are few uni- versal sexual trends. Customs and beliefs about sexual- ity have varied from one historical period to another and from one culture to another. The sexual revolution, femi- nism, and LGBTQ rights movements have been among the most influential developments affecting sexuality. The Internet and new communication technologies have had both positive and negative effects on sexuality. The bio- logical perspective focuses on biological sexual processes such as genetic, hormonal, and neural factors. The cross- species perspective reveals the variety of sexual behav- iours among nonhumans. The sociological perspective shows how cultural beliefs affect sexual behaviours and attitudes.
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