Are Community Solutions to Gang Violence Effective REVISED

1 Are Community Solutions to Gang Violence Effective? Student's Name Institutional Affiliation Course Name Instructor's Name Date
2 Are Community Solutions to Gang Violence Effective? Gang violence is a far-reaching issue that represents a serious threat that has invaded not only the big cities but also the small neighborhoods. A gang shares a typical identity or territory and perpetrates criminal acts ranging from drug trafficking to murder. Solving gang violence requires an exhaustive comprehension of underlying causes and practical solutions. Due to the complexity of the issue, its prevention should involve suppression, intervention, and protection techniques. This study analyzes the multi-layered issue of gang violence and inspects the elements that add to its overwhelming effect and spread. Moreover, the study investigates the likely effectiveness of community-based solutions in addressing gang violence. Analysis Gang Violence as a Social Problem In most contexts, gang violence is considered a criminal matter rather than a social conflict issue triggered by boredom, poverty, and peer pressure. Due to this, there is less effort to reduce the violence or offer aid from the international community. Widespread gang violence, such as that seen in El Salvador, Rosen et al. (2023) argue represents a new kind of armed conflict and is meant to instill fear and violence in society, raise drug activity levels, and destroy property which in turn decrease society productivity. Men, as is typical in war, tend to play central positions in both gangs and the state's reaction. However, women are increasingly participating in gang activities, such as delivering guns or drugs and caring for gang members (Decker & Van Winkle, 2020). Gangs also utilize violence against women as a strategy to acquire power in their communities. Women increasingly make up the ranks of the displaced because of the widespread gender-based violence perpetuated by gangs. Resolving this issue is paramount to
3 the prosperity and security of communities worldwide. An aggregate effort is needed to find pragmatic solutions to decrease the plague of gang violence and establish a safe environment for all to flourish. Possible Causes of Gang Violence The elevated degrees of gang violence in communities can be ascribed to a few interrelated factors, making the issue incredibly complicated. For instance, socioeconomic inequalities are a substantial contributing element. In areas where poverty is widespread and economic prospects are lacking, people may turn to gangs as a means of financial survival (Assari et al., 2020). Lack of legal employment opportunities can lead vulnerable youth to engage in gang recruitment. Pursuing financial security, even if illegal, is attractive when legal avenues seem closed. Limited access to quality education plays a significant role in perpetuating gang violence. In communities where educational opportunities are lacking, young people often struggle to escape violence and poverty. Quality education can provide alternatives and open doors to better prospects, but its absence traps young people and makes gang participation a viable option (Erete et al., 2022). Therefore, the lack of educational resources exacerbates the problem by limiting opportunities for escape from a life dominated by gang membership. The influence of family dynamics and peer pressure can also be essential catalysts for gang involvement. Dysfunctional family structures where parents or siblings are part of a gang normalize such behavior and make others in the family more likely to follow suit (Decker & Van Winkle, 2020). Additionally, Decker and Van Winkle (2020) added that peer pressure from gang- involved friends and acquaintances can have a significant impact on the decision to join a gang.
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