SOCIOLOGY 1 Sociology Student's name Institution affiliation Course Name and Number Instructor's name Assignment Due Date Word Count=966
SOCIOLOGY 2 Sociology Explain how the concept of "doing" gender expands and limits our understanding of masculinity and femininity. The concept of "doing" gender, addressed in class readings, dramatically broadens our understanding of masculinity and femininity by highlighting that these are socially produced and acted roles rather than fixed or intrinsic characteristics. This viewpoint questions the standard essentialist and binary conceptions of gender by emphasizing the flexible and situational character of gender identities. One key text that introduced the concept of "doing" gender is West and Zimmerman's article "Doing Gender" (1987). They contend that gender is something we do in daily encounters and something we are. It follows that people intentionally adopt actions and displays that conform to conventional ideals of masculinity and femininity. These actions then support and perpetuate these gender stereotypes. To illustrate this concept further, growing up, I was often told that boys don't cry. This cultural standard of emotional indifference clearly defines "doing" gender. To live up to the male image, I had to repress my feelings, especially grief or weakness. In this situation, being a man did not come naturally to me; instead, I deliberately had to do it. I can still clearly recall times when I wanted to weep, whether from a personal loss or emotional anguish, but I would suppress those emotions since they didn't seem to fit the stereotype of a robust and unwavering guy. I actively stopped my feelings to conform my conduct to the expected standards of masculinity. It was a daily act I put on to work to what people thought a guy should be. This event emphasizes how gender is performative and how cultural expectations may force people to "do" gender in particular ways.
SOCIOLOGY 3 Connell's concept of hegemonic masculinity adds another layer to the idea of "doing" gender. Hegemonic masculinity symbolizes a specific culture or society's dominant and idealized version of masculinity (Connell, 2005). The idea of "doing" gender underlines that masculinity is more than just a collection of traits; it is also a position of power. It enables us to see that masculinity is not a single, hierarchically formed societal concept. In line with more significant power dynamics, specific varieties of masculinity are socially regarded more highly than others. This hierarchy impacts how people interact with one another, how they see their masculinity, and the expectations that are put on them. Dismantling damaging stereotypes and conventions while acknowledging the variety of male identities and manifestations requires understanding this complexity. Reflecting on my experience, I can see how hegemonic masculinity influenced my actions. I experienced pressure to live up to the romanticized stereotype of a "tough" and strong- willed man. This required controlling my emotions, even when doing so was bad for my mental health. In essence, I was "doing" a particular kind of masculinity that complied with the norms of the prevailing culture. Significant effects resulted from this internalized urge to exhibit emotional stoicism and toughness. It was challenging to show my vulnerability or ask for assistance, impacting my relationships and mental health. These first-hand accounts eloquently demonstrate how "doing" gender may influence people to adopt traits not consistent with their genuine selves but imposed by social conventions. Mark Greene's article critiques the American Psychological Association's (APA) framing of men's challenges as rooted in "traditional masculinity." He contends that this strategy reinforces a dualistic narrative and ignores the problem of "man box culture." According to Greene (2019), man-box culture enforces strict male norms through humiliation and abuse. He
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