CPH Lec Research Paper M4 WHile Task

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School
University of Notre Dame **We aren't endorsed by this school
Course
INFORMATIO 1160
Subject
Sociology
Date
Nov 7, 2023
Pages
15
Uploaded by HighnessPorpoise2563 on coursehero.com
HIV/AIDS Epidemic Mitigation Programs Analysis in The Philippines Group Members: Cataniag, Alyzza Godoy, Jianna Francheska Nasrallah, Nicole Perez, Herchelle Mae Ronquillo, John Andrew Sir John Rhil Tobias Group 6 BSMT2A PROFESSOR Group/ Yr & Section
Table of Contents I. Introduction..........................................................................................3 II. Content................................................................................................4 a. Population b. Methodologies Used and Sample Size c. Performance Analysis and Additional Findings d. Conclusions and Recommendations III. References............................................................................................5 2
I. Introduction USAID/Philippines commissioned the Synergy Project to evaluate and improve the National HIV Sentinel Surveillance System in the Philippines. The team, including a doctor and two epidemiologists, conducted field trips, workshops, and data collection to identify key issues and collaborate with Synergy staff in Washington, DC. They spoke with organizations and NGOs, visited six sites, participated in a workshop, and conducted interviews with local site surveillance team members. The Philippines has a low prevalence of HIV/AIDS, with infection rates at less than 1%, even among high-risk populations. The first case of AIDS was reported in 1984, and the national epidemic has progressed since then. The Philippine DOH/NEC launched a passive surveillance system in 1987 to track the spread of the epidemic, mainly compiling reported cases by a national registry. However, this system has limitations in monitoring trends of HIV prevalence within target populations. In 1993, the DOH established the National Health Survey System (NHSS) through the USAID-funded AIDS Surveillance and Education Project (ASEP), with technical assistance from WHO. The system includes HIV sentinel surveys and behavioral surveillance surveys. The frequency of survey rounds was reduced to once a year in 1997, and the BSS component was implemented in 1997 to collect data on behaviors that increase the risk of HIV transmission. The Philippine DOH requested an assessment to review and make recommendations to strengthen the existing system. Japan records 1500 new HIV cases annually, with 30% registered in Tokyo. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at the highest risk, accounting for over 70% of new cases. HIV testing is free and anonymous at public health centers, but the number of tests has decreased. 3
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