Chapter 4 Sociology
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Who believes that social institutions were originally designed to
meet basic survival needs?
both conflict & functionalist theorists
the status set
Both the conflict & functionalist theorists
Culture has a(n) _______ effect on people's lives.
The social institution of _____ would include groups or organiza-
tions such as lawyers' associations, courts, and jails.
To interpret _____, we consider facial expressions, posture, and
the extent of intimate distance
Emile Durkheim was interested in how societies united their mem-
bers by shared values and other social bonds to produce _____.
For Durkheim, people who performed similar tasks had in com-
mon the way they looked at life, which he called _______.
What do the German terms Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
mean? In which direction - toward which of the two - is society
Gemeinschaft means intimate community
Gesellschaft means impersonal association
What does it mean to say that we become the roles that we play?
As you play a role, you become more like it. It becomes incorpo-
rated into our self-concept.
The social construction of reality theory states that through _____,
we construct what for us is reality.
interactions with others
interactions with other
Priest, minister, rabbi, and imam are examples of statuses asso-
ciated with the social institution of _____.
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