ThyReviewer (1)

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College of St. Scholastica **We aren't endorsed by this school
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THEOLOGY THEO101
Subject
Religion
Date
May 15, 2023
Pages
4
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THEOLOGY REVIEWER JESUS CHRIST AS THE IMAGE OF THE INVISIBLE GOD We look up to Jesus Christ as the ultimate revelation of the Father,who: calls us to communion , good teacher who leads us to the Father . . JESUS CHRIST, THE ULTIMATE REVELATION OF THE FATHER a. God as Our Personal Absolute Because God has made us for Himself, our hearts can never find rest until they rest in Him. Saint Augustine God is a personal absolute in whom is found the reason for our existence, and therefore, He is a being who gives absolute meaning to our lives. God...freely created man to make him share in his own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to man. He calls man to seek Him, to know Him, to love Him with all his strength. CCC, 13. "To be a human being means to come from God and to go to God." YOUCAT, 1 a. Christ: God, in a Human Way It is through the mystery of Christ's incarnation that God came down to meet man in grace so that man actually lives in a condition of active communication with the One who, in this relationship becomes the "living God" and this encounter with God takes place in an act of faith. Schillebeeckx, Christ the Sacrament , 4. As human, Christ is the exemplar,He represents what is excellent and perfect in us. Christ is the anti-thesis to the thesis that man is perverse and crooked. The Gospel shares with us many of these accounts, and here, we recall a few: The woman caught in the act of adultery (John 8:1-11); In his encounter with Zacchaeus the tax collector (Luke 19:1-10), how many times we should forgive (Matthew 18:21), Christ: Man, in a Divine Way As man, He acts out his divine love in and according to His human existence. Everything He does is an act of the Son of God, a divine act in human form; His human love is the human embodiment of the redeeming love of God. The humanity of Jesus is concretely intended by God as fulfillment of his promise of salvation; it is a messianic reality. Schillebeeckx, Christ the Sacrament, 14. "Christ, our redeemer, chose the Cross so as to bear the guilt of the world and to suffer the pain the world. So, He brought the world back home to God by His perfect love. " DOCAT, 101. JESUS CHRIST AS THE GOOD TEACHER 1. IS ALWAYS PRESENT IN THIS CHURCH AND IN THE WORLD It is to the Church that Christ entrusted the task of proclaiming the message of salvation to all peoples. To fulfill this task, Christ empowered the Church to proclaim, without fear of error, faith and morals, in the hope of leading people to the realization or actualization of the kingdom of God here on earth. In embracing this divine mandate, the Church confronted bravely the changes as well as the challenges that each generation brings, holding on to the promise that Christ will be with his people until the end of time (Matthew 28: 16-20). The Church must always be deeply conscious of her duty in every age to examine the signs of the times and interpret them in the light of the Gospel. So that she can offer in a manner appropriate to each generation replies to the continual human questionings on the meaning of this life and the life to come and on how they are related. Ibid., 2.OPENS UP THE FAITHFUL TO THE BOOK OF THE SCRIPTURES The return to our moral foundations in Scripture is the first step toward a more balanced, authentic catechesis of Christian moral life in family, school, and parish. The very name of Jesus means "the one who is to save people from their sins." The Christian moral vocation is precisely: To commit ourselves through the power of Christ's redeeming grace to the progressive overcoming of the evil of sin in and around us - a personal human reaching out in loving service to others - rather than simply avoiding sin or shrinking from evil. It is a question of conversion, a radical change of heart that, once begun in baptism, must develop into an ever
more profound personal renewal and holiness. Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines, New National Catechetical Directory for the Philippines 2007 (Manila: Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines, 2007), 272; VS. 2. GS, 4. 2. REVEALS THE FATHER'S WILL The three-fold yeses covering the three dimensions of human life: the intra-personal; the inter- personal; and the societal... must be grounded on the fourth foundational, integrating yes to God. The only way we could possibly develop an integral saying "yes" to the fullness of human life by our total committed "yes" to God, as disciples of Jesus Christ . Nothing less than the love of the Blessed Trinity - the love of Father, Incarnate Son, and the Holy Spirit - is the ground for Catholic Morality. 3. TEACHES TRUTH ABOUT MORAL ACTION People today need to turn to Christ once again in order to receive from Him the answer to their questions about what is good and what is evil. Christ is the teacher, the Risen One who has life in Himself and who is always present in His Church and in the World. It is He who opens up to the faithful the book of the Scriptures and, by fully revealing the Father's will, teaches the truth about moral action. At the source and summit of the economy of salvation, as the alpha and the omega of human history, Christ sheds light on man's condition and his integral vocation. If we, therefore, wish to go to the heart of the Gospel's moral teaching and grasp its profound and unchanging content, we must carefully inquire into the meaning of the question asked by the rich young man in the Gospel and, even more, the meaning of Jesus' reply, allowing ourselves to be guided by Him. Jesus as the patient and sensitive teacher, answers the young man by taking him, as it were by the hand, and leading him step by step to the full truth. VS, 8., Ibid., 8. 4. SHEDS LIGHT ON MAN'S CONDITION AND LOFTY VOCATION The first and ultimate vocation of man is communion with God and there is only one way to respond to this calling: Jesus Christ. The basic motivation for following Christ in moral action is, of course the Blessed Trinity, the eternal Father's love for us. Jesus Christ as the One Who Sheds Light on the Mystery and Dignity of the Human Person In fact, it is only in the mystery of the Word incarnate that light is shed on the mystery of man. For by his incarnation, the Son of God has united himself in some fashion with every person" GS 22 "We can only come to know the meaning of something once we get to know its origin and destiny, beginning and purpose." a) created in the Image and Likeness of God b) redeemed by the Blood of Christ c) sanctified by the Holy Spirit 1. CREATED IN THE IMAGE AND LIKENESS OF GOD "Of all visible creatures only man is "able to know and love his creator" He is "the only creature on earth that God has willed for its own sake", and he alone is called to share, by knowledge and love, in God's own life. It was for this end that he was created, and this is the fundamental reason for his dignity:" CCC 356 a) Faculty Intellect & Freewill to recognize the voice of God to "do good and avoid evil. Moral Being b) Irreplaceable and Non-substitutable ≠ object of use or means to an end to treat our fellow human being as equals Status & Gender distinctions c) Responsibility & Stewardship both man and woman - equally ordered to "subdue" the earth Laudato Si spirituality d) Adopted children of God Conform mind and hearts to Christ Called by name e) Destiny
Pilgrims on the way To be in Communion with our Creator 2. REDEEMED BY THE BLOOD OF CHRIST "You were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your fathers. . .with the precious blood of Christ. Man's sins, following on original sin, are punishable by death. By sending his own Son in the form of a slave, in the form of a fallen humanity, on account of sin, God "made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. CCC 602 a) "Sapagkat ako'y tao lamang" Unacceptable justification b) being redeemed by Christ implies living a new life Rescued - Share - Task (CCC 1691) 3. SANCTIFIED BY THE HOLY SPIRIT The first work of the grace of the Holy Spirit is conversion, effecting justification in accordance with Jesus' proclamation at the beginning of the Gospel: "Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand." Moved by grace, man turns toward God and away from sin, thus accepting forgiveness and righteousness from on high. "Justification is not only the remission of sins, but also the sanctification and renewal of the interior man . (CCC 1989) a) Empowerment -initiative belongs to God -Moved by the Holy Spirit b) False Assertion -Independence from the assistance of the Holy Spirit HUMAN PERSON IN EXPERIENCE - HUMAN PERSON - most appropriate springboard in any moral discourse - Human Person vs Human Nature - Personalistic perspective - take into account experience of people - a. Open and Relational by Nature Social and gregarious by nature -We are being by, with and for others -Trinitarian in origin -Social well-being and Common Good -God - the source and fulfillment of all human persons' relationships - b. Conscious Beings -possess self-awareness through our knowing and free willing - we "image" in our small way the Creator's infinite knowing and loving. -Reason - understands the order of things and recognize the voice of God - c . Embodied Spirits -stresses the unity between our "body and soul." -BODY - essential part of our being human, not merely an "instrument" we "use" according to our whims -"good and honorable" -SOUL - the FORM (the nature or essence of a thing - the unifying principle and forms one unique human being - d. Historical Realities - Pilgrims on-the-way -We are our own cause -Live in the middle of "Now and Here" -Dynamism in moral reflections - e. Unique yet Fundamentally Equal -Despite differences in physical, intellectual and moral powers, we are all equal -same nature and origin and, same divine calling and destiny; -each of us is called to "image" God in a unique way -"Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name: you are mine" (Is 43:1). - within the fundamental equality of all persons, we recognize the unique identity of each person. THE ENCOUNTER WITH JESUS CHRIST IS A CALL TO DISCIPLESHIP
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