LPOL 2052International Theory Bruneau Quentin Spring 22Syllabus

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Political Science
Mar 22, 2023
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International Theory: A Historical Introduction LPOL 2052 - Spring 2022 Prof. Quentin Bruneau Department of Politics New School for Social Research 6 East 16 th street, Rm 720 [email protected] Office hours: Th. 2-3.30pm Schedule : Tu. & Th. 10-11.40am Classroom : Room 901, 6 E 16 th St. https://NewSchool.zoom.us/j/99260205831?pwd=b2VGWGp5MzhkWG9oUzM0N0h2UXFaUT 09 Course Description Political units, be they kingdoms, empires or states, have never existed in isolation; they have always had to deal with some type of 'outside.' The nature of these relations constitutes the subject matter of international theory. This course is concerned with various strands of international theory from the late Middle Ages to the present day. It approaches the study of international theory in three steps. While political theorists can readily summon a vast canon of thinkers, the same cannot be said about international theorists. The first section therefore engages in a discussion of the theoretical and methodological questions involved in the historical study of international theory. Is there such a thing as international theory? If so, where should we look for it, and how should we study the texts that contain international theory? These are questions that will be addressed in the first section of this course. No course on the history of international theory can possibly hope to be exhaustive. To some extent, the choice of texts to be studied is arbitrary, being based on such things as the perceived 'greatness' of various thinkers, the impact of various types of thought on the actual conduct of international relations, or the personal interests of your instructor. In order to make this course manageable and coherent, we will focus on the period from the late Middle Ages to the late twentieth century, and in large part, though not exclusively, on European traditions of international theory. This body of thought, despite its provincial origins, has exerted an incredible influence on international relations, especially from the time when Europe came to dominate the world both economically and militarily in the nineteenth century - a development profoundly intertwined with the practices of colonialism and imperialism (for more on this, see my two other courses LPOL 3087 and LPOL 3094). Using Edward Keene's International Political Thought: A Historical Introduction as a contextual frame for our discussions, this second section will deal with texts by the likes of Giovanni Botero, Hugo Grotius, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Simón Bolívar, Toussaint Louverture, John Stuart Mill, and Heinrich von Treitschke. The third section is devoted to twentieth century international theory. Set in the context of the development of an academic discipline of international relations, this section evaluates the place of these academic debates within broader historical attempts to make sense of international relations.
2 Aims 1. The first goal of this course is for students to familiarise themselves with basic methodological debates pertaining to the history of (international) political thought. After taking this course, students should understand a number of different approaches to the history of political thought (e.g. contextualism, conceptual history), as well as the problems involved in identifying a 'canon' of international theorists. 2. The second goal of this course is to introduce students to different historical conceptions of the international. By the end of this course, students will have a basic understanding of the ways in which conceptions of the international have changed since the late Middle Ages (particularly in the European tradition), of the different languages that served to articulate these conceptions, and of the key debates that existed in different epochs of international theory. 3. The final aim of this course is to allow students to reflect on the place and nature of twentieth century international theory in a long-term historical perspective. Students will be able to understand how contemporary international theory came to life, as well as which traditions of political thought it draws on. In addition to helping students understand how we came to live in the kind of world we live in now, the ultimate aim is to stimulate a reflection on the 'roads not taken', i.e. the historical ways of thinking about the international that have been discarded, which we may want to draw on and revive. Recommended purchase è Keene, Edward, International Political Thought: A Historical Introduction (London: Polity, 2005). If you are interested in the subject, you may also wish to consult the following monographs: Armitage, David, Foundations of Modern International Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013). Bartelson, Jens, Visions of World Community (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009). Bell, Duncan, Victorian Visions of Global Order: Empire and International Relations in Nineteenth-Century Political Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007). Brett, Annabel, Changes of State: Nature and the Limits of the City in Early Modern Natural Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011). Fassbender, Bardo and Anne Peters (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012). Fitzmaurice, Andrew, Sovereignty, Property and Empire 1500-2000 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014). Muthu, Sankar (ed.) Empire and Modern Political Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012). Owens, Patricia and Katharina Rietzler (eds.), Women's International Thought: A New History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021)
3 Pagden, Anthony, Lords of All the World: Ideologies of Empire in Spain, Britain and France, c. 1500 - c. 1800 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1995). Pagden, Anthony, The Languages of Political Theory in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987). Assessment Brief Overview 1. Mid-term paper: 30% 2. Final paper: 40% 3. Participation: 30% Detailed Overview Mid-term paper: For your mid-term evaluation, you will receive a list of questions on Tuesday, 8 March. You will be required to answer one of these questions in 1,200 words (+/-10%). Anything over this limit will lead to a 10 per cent deduction on your grade. The essay should be sent to [email protected] by 5pm on Sunday, 20 March . After handing in, you will be expected to meet with me for a 25-minute 'tutorial' on your paper, during which I will ask you questions about the content of your essay. Final paper: For your final paper, you will receive a list of questions on Tuesday, 10 May. You will be required to answer one of these questions in 2,000 words (+/-10%). Anything over this limit will lead to a 10 per cent deduction on your grade. The essay should be sent to [email protected] by 5pm on Friday, 20 May. Participation: Participation makes up 30 per cent of your final grade. This means that you will have to prepare adequately in order to make informed and regular contributions to class discussions. In addition, everyone will introduce a text twice during the term . This introduction should include i) a very brief note on the author, ii) a summary of what you take to be the main argument, iii) a detailed analysis of the points made to support the argument. Those introducing a text in a given session should send me their structured notes at any time before we meet for their assigned session. Policies and resources All your readings can be found here: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1rC- ztd4n6Exkw3YamhUH5ZT8rtnKWXjw?usp=sharing 'Zoom etiquette' - These requirements aim to reproduce a semblance of physical classroom setting: o Have your camera 'on' during class o Try to find a suitable space to sit (don't lay in bed, etc.) o Be on time: Students logging in 5 minutes after the start of class will be counted as absent.
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