GLOBAL GOVERNANCE Global Governance -"theway in which global affairs are managed." -Aninternational process of consensus-formingwhich generates guidelines and agreements that affect nationalgovernments and international corporations. -Ex. WHO policies on health issues -Product ofneo-liberal paradigm shiftsin international political and economic relations. -Movement towards political integration of transnational actors aimed at negotiating responses to problems that affect more than one state or region. Ex. United Nations, International Criminal Court, and the World Bank. Global Governance -Sum of law, norms, policies, and institutions that define, constitute, and mediate trans- border relations between states, cultures, citizens, intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, and the market. -Solves challenges that go beyond the capacity of a SINGLE STATE to solve. -Sum of governance processes operating in the absence of world government. International Organizations and the United Nations affirm contemporary global governance. United Nation -Intergovernmental organization that is tasked to promoteinternational cooperation and to create and maintain international order. -Largest, most familiar, most internationally presented, and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. -Takes care of the underprivileged and marginalized sectors of the society. -In policy motivation,peacekeepingis the most important feature of UN activity in peace and security. Four Main Purposes of the UN Charter 1.Maintaining worldwide peace and security 2.Developing relations among nations 3.Fostering cooperation between nations in order to solve economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian international problems 4.Providing a forum for bringing countries together to meet the UN's purposes and goals. Gaps within the Global Governance System according to World Health Organization (2015) Jurisdictional Gap -Pertains to the increasing need for global governance in many areas (ex. Health) and thelack of an authoritywith the power, or jurisdiction, to take action.
Incentive Gap -Theneed for international cooperation and the motivationto undertake it. This is now done by globalization. Participation Gap -Refers to the fact thatinternational cooperation remains primarily the affairof governments, leaving civil society groups on the fringes of policy-making. Only countries are given the spotlight, but in this participation gap,private entities are given an equal avenue to participate. Five Gaps in Global Governance according to Thakur and Weiss (2015) 1.Knowledge Gaps -The first step of problem-solving is recognizing the existence of the problem, its nature. 2.Normative Gaps -After identifying the problem, you can now establish norms, rules, policies, to address the problem. 3.Policy Gaps -Related to the specific policies that one can implement in order to address the stated problem. 4.Institutional Gaps -Are the challenges in implementing any policies that are put forth by the international community. 5.Compliance Gaps -Includes effective implementation, as well as enforcement.
Uploaded by ColonelKoupreyPerson846 on coursehero.com