University of Toronto, Mississauga **We aren't endorsed by this school
Oct 25, 2023
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c) Newer fields including thinking of religion through sociology, politics and anthropology changed the meaning of religion d) Postmodernism and Postcolonialism: The rise of humanism and objectivity led to the rethinking of the study of religion by recognizing the biases present e) Religious Pluralism: There was no single way to study all religions, making it a more nuanced and culturally sensitive approach to religion PHASE 3: 20th century: 1) Critiques of older perspectives and thinking - non-racist and Eurocentric beliefs and hierarchies - all religions are equal but differ 2) Growth of newer ideas and questions 3) Increased diversification of religious studies 4) Catherine Bell, Talal Asad, Tomoko Masuzawa(challenged the "world religions" paradigm - redefining how eurocentric beliefs and power dynamics impacted the understanding of world religions) 5) The people who were studying religion were more diverse - more asian - female and european scholars impacting the field 6) Neutrality and objectivity is impossible - everyone has some form of bias, it all makes an impact on research regardless of how small. Researchers are conscious about it a) Person's biography b) Historical or social context the scholar partakes in research in c) Gender, age, religion, nationality and demographic 7) Scholars claim that neutrality might not even be desirable in religious studies, as religion can be profoundly emotional to a researcher. Objectivity is not as important. 8) Scholars should be tolerant of other people's beliefs - suspending disbelief - understanding the perspective of others and accept it. Also be able to critique other practices and beliefs through facts. 9) Development of Critical theory and critical studies - aims to critically examine society, culture, race, power and inequality. CRITICAL THEORY PART OF NEXT LECTURE. RLG101 - TUTORIAL 4: 1) Metaphysics, Myth, Methodology and Tradition 2) Bracketing: Separation of religion from science 3) Canon: The writings associated with and accepted into religious scriptures a) Non-canonical: religious scriptures not accepted - not in official scripture - something that is a cultural instruction - not set in rules (i.e: easter bunnies are non-canonical but crosses are canonical
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