Mindfulness has the potential to improve cognitive functioning, and music facilitates mindfulness practice. Jang, Kang, Lee, and Lee (2016) investigated the benefits involving mindfulness-based music therapy. Their study demonstrated that mindfulness-based music therapy is an effective tool that can be successfully applied to breast cancer patients to increase psychological stability and improve quality of life. Their randomized controlled trial provided evidence that mindfulness-based music therapy can reduce depression and anxiety in breast cancer patients (Jang et al., 2016). This study demonstrated the usefulness of mindfulness-based music therapy for patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. The study sample consisted of 15 women undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. The sample was not large compared to quantitative studies, given the setting of a comprehensive cancer hospital and the need to select patients with the same diagnosis and the same treatment plan. The mean age of the women who participated in the study was 52.6 years. They received an average of 21 months of music training (Lesiuk, 2015). The numbers used in this study were sufficient to fulfill the conditions of the study. Data for the study was collected by Lesiuk. Conner's Continuous Performance Test II was used as a measurement tool. It allows for a "14-minute long computerized assessment of attention, impulsivity, and vigilance" (Lesiuk, 2015, p. 278). It was found that the application of mindfulness-based music therapy greatly improved the attention span of the study participants. Furthermore, music proved to be an effective stimulus for attention in passive listening (Lesiuk, 2015). Additionally, another finding was that
mindfulness-based music therapy greatly shortened the negative emotional state of women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. For example, study participants documented reductions in depression, anger, tension, confusion, and fatigue conditions. Some participants admitted that they felt less stressed and more relaxed after the treatment; others showed that their sleep quality improved. They were obtained by statistically analyzing the research data collected using reliable tests and applying ANOVA to assess the effect of mindfulness-based music therapy on the attention span of the patients who participated in the study. It can therefore be concluded that the results of the study can be considered credible. In conclusion, the questions that need to be investigated in this paper were answered in the results of the study. The results of the study proved the effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety and fear in pregnant women, increased comfort during childbirth, and reduced pain experience; also proved the effectiveness of mindfulness-based music therapy on patients diagnosed with breast distemper and undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy, which had a positive effect on their concentration and mood. It also has the potential to improve attention and reduce negative emotional conditions in breast cancer patients. These studies have implications for nursing practice. For example, nurses working with women with breast cancer and receiving adjuvant chemotherapy can implement some musical techniques to improve their condition. Using their favorite music can be beneficial to the patient's mood. However, there is a need to educate nurses about the specifics of music therapy, and guidance from a music therapist may be needed to facilitate the application of mindfulness-based music therapy to patients by nursing soil.
Therefore, music therapy may be recommended for use in obstetrics and cancer centers to reduce negative emotional conditions in patients and improve their health.
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