1 Advanced Nursing Inquiry and Evidence-Based Practice Quantitative research studies are those that collect data that can be quantified or converted into numerical data. This type of research is often used to collect data on large groups of people or to study relationships between different variables (Anguera et al., 2018). Quantitative research can be used to test hypotheses or to explore cause and effect relationships (Mehrad & Zangeneh, 2019). Data from quantitative research studies can be analyzed using statistical methods. Some examples of quantitative research studies include surveys, experiments, and observational studies. Qualitative research studies explore human behavior and experiences in naturalistic settings. These studies often use unstructured data collection methods such as interviews, focus groups, and participant observation to understand the complexities of human behavior (Mehrad & Zangeneh, 2019). Qualitative research is often used to generate hypotheses or explore new research areas. Additionally, qualitative research is often used to understand the lived experiences of individuals from marginalized or underrepresented groups. Qualitative research studies often have smaller sample sizes than quantitative studies, but they can provide more in- depth and nuanced insights into human behavior (Mehrad & Zangeneh, 2019). Qualitative research can be a powerful tool for understanding human behavior, but it is essential to know the challenges of using this type of research. There are a few different ways to define mix methods research studies. One common way is to consider them as studies that use more than one type of data or more than one data collection method (Anguera et al., 2018). Another way to think of mixed methods research is as studies using qualitative and quantitative methods. Ultimately, mixed methods research studies
2 can be defined in various ways, but they all involve the use of multiple data sources or methods (Anguera et al., 2018). This can make them very powerful and informative tools for researchers. Quantitative research involves the collection and analysis of data that can be measured. Qualitative research involves collecting and analyzing data that cannot be measured (Mehrad & Zangeneh, 2019). Mix methods research involves collecting and analyzing data that can be measured and data that cannot be measured. The differences between these research methods are that quantitative research is focused on data that can be measured, qualitative research is focused on data that cannot be measured, and mix methods research is focused on data that can be measured and data that cannot be measured (Mehrad & Zangeneh, 2019). One important difference between quantitative and qualitative research is that quantitative research can provide objective data, while qualitative research can provide subjective data (Mehrad & Zangeneh, 2019). Another important difference between these two methods is that qualitative research is more time-consuming than quantitative research. Lastly, qualitative research is more likely to produce new knowledge, while quantitative research is more likely to confirm or refute existing knowledge.
3 References Anguera, M. T., Blanco-Villasenor, A., Losada, J. L., Sánchez-Algarra, P., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2018). Revisiting the difference between mixed methods and multimethods: Is it all in the name?. Quality & Quantity, 52(6), 2757-2770. Mehrad, A., & Zangeneh, M. H. T. (2019). Comparison between qualitative and quantitative research approaches: Social sciences. International Journal For Research In Educational Studies, Iran.
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