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The C.R.A.A.P. Test The CRAAP Test is a list of questions to help you evaluate the information you find. It was developed by, California State University, Chico and is widely used across the university sector. Answer the questions below to work out if the sources you have selected are appropriate to use for your assignment. Provide a citation for your source here: Warnaby, G., Steadman, C., Skinner, H., Parker, C., & Ntounis, N. (2022). Tourism and Hospitality industry resilience during the Covid-19 pandemic: Evidence from England. Current Issues in Tourism , 25 (1), 46-59. What type of source is it? Scholarly Article Magazine Newspaper Book Website 1. Currency - the timeliness of the information When was the information published or posted? The information was published online on 13 February, 2021. Is it recent enough to be relevant to your work? Why or why not? Yes □No Explain: Yes, the information in the article is recent and it is relevant to the work because to examine the status of the UK tourism industry during the covid-19 pandemic and their economic impacts to make predictions about the future course of direction of UK tourism industry, this article possesses such information. To understand the travelling issues, limited hospitality services, and the economic impact of national & international tourism on the UK industry, this information is recent and relevant to my work. * Websites Only: How recently has the Copyright © 2020 Libraries and Learning Innovation Leeds Beckett University
website been updated? 2. Relevance : the importance of the information for your needs Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question? Yes No Explain: Yes, the information is related to my topic. I wanted to explore the capabilities of the tourism & hospitality firms in the UK to recover from the impact of the covid-19 pandemic and this scholarly article holds relevant information regarding the same. Is the information at an appropriate level? Yes No Explain: The information is at an appropriate level because the information is comprised of clear insights related to the topic. Would you be comfortable using this source for your academic writing? Yes No Explain: Yes, I would be comfortable using this source for my academic writing because this source provides important information related to my course. 3. Authority: the source of the information Who is the creator or author? Nikos Ntounis, Cathy Parker, Heather Skinner, Chloe Steadman and Gary Warnaby are the authors of this scholarly article. What are the author's credentials or organisational affiliations? Nikos Ntounis: Academic Editor of Journal of Place Management and Development Cathy Parker: Recipient of two research prizes and work as member on several journals. Heather Skinner: Her credentials include brand management, academic writing, marketing management, and strategic marketing. 2
Chloe Steadman: Skills & expertise include qualitative analysis, consumer research, and consumer culture. Gary Warnaby: On editorial board of number of journals. What are the author's qualifications to write on this topic? All the authors have done qualification in marketing, tourism, and consumer research and they are qualified enough to write on this topic. Following are the authors' qualifications to write on this topic - Nikos Ntounis: MSc Advertising and Marketing (HUBS), PhD (Marketing, Retail and Tourism). Cathy Parker: Chair of the Institute of Place Management Heather Skinner: MSc Marketing (Business School), PhD (Business School). Gary Warnaby: Postgraduate Diploma in Marketing, B.A. (Hons) History. Chloe Steadman : PhD in Consumer Research *Websites Only: does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? (examples: .com, .edu, .gov, .org, .net) 4. Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content Is the information supported by evidence? Yes No Explain: Yes, the information is supported by evidence. In this scholarly article, the reference to the evidence- based works of other authors, national & international tourism organisations is done which supports the correctness of the information. Are there citations or a bibliography Yes No 3
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