AssessmentoftheSuccessofPotentialM

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School
Universal Institute of Technology **We aren't endorsed by this school
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LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT BSBINN601
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Management
Date
Oct 24, 2023
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8
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48 www.qol-au.com B. A NDONOVIC , ET AL .: A SSESSMENT OF THE S UCCESS OF P OTENTIAL M ANAGERS W ITHIN AN O RGANIZATION AND P ROPOSALS FOR I MPROVEMENT Q UALITY OF L IFE (2017) 8 (1-2):48-55 DOI: 10.7251/QOL1701048A UDC: 005.311.11:303.62 Original scienti fi c paper A SSESSMENT OF THE S UCCESS OF P OTENTIAL M ANAGERS W ITHIN AN O RGANIZATION AND P ROPOSALS FOR I MPROVEMENT B ETI A NDONOVIC , A NA Z HABEVSKA Z LATEVSKI , K IRIL L ISICHKOV , A LEKSANDAR D IMITROV Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, "St. Cyril and Methodius" University, Skopje, R. Macedonia, [email protected] Abstract. Creating an excellent management team is one of the vital components within any organization aiming to success or to maintain the same. The authors conducted a research using two questionnaires: the manager success as- sessment (MSA) questionnaire and Hay's questionnaire for determining the working styles. The results provided by this survey within a company are analyzed and summarized, and are compared to the 13 manager success criteria previously set. Furthermore, the results are analyzed with regard to the working styles' results and the integral model which points to the corresponding Adizes' Roles, and several improvements possibilities related to candidates' skills are proposed. Key words : Manager, Success Criteria, Teamwork. Introduction Previous research elaborated by Andonovic, Zhabevska-Zlatevski, Lisichkov & Dimitrov (2015). included a survey with experienced and proven managers worldwide. The research was aiming to success- ful identi fi cation of new managers, with regard to decreasing the risk of not achieving the targeted organiza- tion results, as a valuable addition to proven methods (Andonovic & Petkovski, 2013). The following criteria for being a successful manager were generated for further comparisons, pro- fi ling and research: 1. The successful manager is generally in his/her 30's or 40's, educated in the area of social sci- ences, at undergraduate or at graduate level, with already completed signi fi cant additional training, where some managers have, and some have not publicized books or articles related to their profession. 2. The successful manager in most cases comes from a family with mixed or democratic family relations, usually as fi rst born from two children, describes the relationship with both parents and siblings mainly as normal to strong, and in most cases considers that he learned the most regarding relations with people from his/her father (who was also considered as most powerful fi gure in the family), and has no im- mediate family associate or partner in the same business/profession. 3. In the family of the successful manager in some cases there is an eminent story / anecdote which is often told by the parents. 4. In some cases the family of the successful manager went through a period of economic crises, but generally describes the current fi nancial situation as normal to average. 5. From the childhood years to date, the successful manager had and has many friendships who are mainly of same age as the manager (currently mostly in their 30' or 40's), same and to a lesser degree of mixed gender, and of different status. The successful manager considers that he/she doesn't spend enough time on socializing (less than 4 hours per week), however when he/she does, is as an active participant, is seeking fun and enjoyable time and to a lesser degree relaxation. In friendship he values mainly honesty, and considers that people like to socialize with him because of the fun and friendly nature, as well as the sense of humor. 6. The successful manager considers various factors, mainly determination to as well as, time man- agement and organizational skills to have helped him/her the most to succeed in the new engagement when fi rst assumed a managerial position.
49 B. A NDONOVIC , ET AL .: A SSESSMENT OF THE S UCCESS OF P OTENTIAL M ANAGERS W ITHIN AN O RGANIZATION AND P ROPOSALS FOR I MPROVEMENT Q UALITY OF L IFE (2017) 8 (1-2):48-55 7. Hard work and excellent education are the elements that the successful manager considers as most helpful to reach a high managerial position and success, which brings him inner satisfaction and con- tent (to a lesser degree some successful managers anticipate success and expect it). 8. The successful manager self-rates his/her level of ambition as highest on the given scale, consid- ers himself as initiative taking and doesn't need anyone to stimulate his/her initiative. 9. The successful manager dedicates 9 - 12 hours a day to work, and different managers spend dif- ferent amount of time, mainly maximum 1-3 hours daily for rest and relaxation (reading or movies). 10. The successful manager likes to spend his/her free time mainly on sports, as well as family, and has had mainly two or more hobbies to date. 11. The successful manager is exible and often decides to combine different management styles (democratic and autocratic) depending mostly on the speci fi c given situations and feedback from the people he/she works with. 12. The successful manager has found himself under great pressure and stress at least once which mainly generated energy for more intense work and increased personal activity. 13. The successful manager promotes teamwork with normal to strong and friendly, open and coop- erative relation with all team members keeping them on track, goal oriented and motivated. The integral model created by two individually applicable theories, Hay's Working styles (Hay, 2009) and Adizes' Roles (Adizes, 1991, 2004), was used to determine the characteristic Roles and Styles of the surveyed persons using only Hay's questionnaire as presented by Andonovic, Spasovska, Temkov & Dimitrov (2014), also completed by each person. Research The survey was made in the production sector of a company, where 9 candidates for new manager voluntarily completed the two questionnaires. The fi rst is the manager success assessment (MSA) question- naire which is combination of factors explicitly structured as several sections and consists of 84 questions: ° Introductory section - factual details about the manager ° Section 1 - background and relations, focusing on education, family and interpersonal relations, as well as interests and hobbies. Consequently, the fi rst section is organized in several subsec- tions: A. Area of education B. Area of family dynamics and relations C. Area of interpersonal relations D. Area of interest and hobby ° Section 2 - type of organization where the manager is successful in terms of work related pattern, as well as various factors that the manager considers affected his/her professional success in an organization. The time given for completing this questionnaire was 2 hours. The completed MSA questionnaires were processed independently for each surveyed person individually. The second questionnaire given to the surveyed persons was Hay's questionnaire for determining the Working styles: Be Perfect (BP), Be Strong (BS), Hurry Up (HU), Please Others (PO), and Try Hard (TH). The questionnaire consists of 25 questions in 5 implicitly incorporated groups that are not known to the candidates. The time given for completing this questionnaire was 20 minutes.
50 www.qol-au.com B. A NDONOVIC , ET AL .: A SSESSMENT OF THE S UCCESS OF P OTENTIAL M ANAGERS W ITHIN AN O RGANIZATION AND P ROPOSALS FOR I MPROVEMENT Q UALITY OF L IFE (2017) 8 (1-2):48-55 Results and discussion The results from MSA questionnaire were thoroughly analyzed and summarized as in Table 1 be- low. The surveyed persons are simply denoted as sp. Maximum number of points per each criterion is 5. Table 1. Summarized results from survey with criteria ques Ɵ onnaire Criterion 1 sp 1 sp 2 sp 3 sp 4 sp 5 sp 6 sp 7 sp 8 sp 9 30 - 40 age x x x x x x x x x social studies x undergrad or grad (university to PhD) x PhD x x x PhD x x x PhD x x (in progress) training (education, fi nished or in pro- gress) x (in pro- gress) x (in pro- gress) x (in pro- gress) x (in pro- gress) x x (in progress) have or not have published books x x x x x x x x TOTAL 3 4 4 3 4 4 5 2 4 Criterion 2 sp 1 sp 2 sp 3 sp 4 sp 5 sp 6 sp 7 sp 8 sp 9 mixed or demo- cratic x x x x x x x x x fi rst born from 2 x x x x ( 5) x normal to strong parent/sibling x x x x x x x x learned from father x x (mother and sister too) x (mother too) x (mother too) x (moth- er too) x father most pow- erful x x x x x x no family in busi- ness/prof x x x x x x x x x TOTAL 5 3.5 5 3.5 5 5 2.5 4 2.5 Criterion 3 sp 1 sp 2 sp 3 sp 4 sp 5 sp 6 sp 7 sp 8 sp 9 story/yes in some cases x (not pub- licly) x x x TOTAL 0 0 5 0 5 0 5 5 0 Criterion 4 sp 1 sp 2 sp 3 sp 4 sp 5 sp 6 sp 7 sp 8 sp 9 some cases crises x x x x x x fi nancial situation normal to average x x x x x x x x x TOTAL 5 2.5 5 2.5 5 2.5 5 5 5 Criterion 5 sp 1 sp 2 sp 3 sp 4 sp 5 sp 6 sp 7 sp 8 sp 9 many friends x x x x x x x x x same age (30-40) x x x x older too x x x older too x young- er and older too x same or to lesser degree mixed gender x (mix) x (mix) male x x x x (mix) x (mix)
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