Ap

.doc
School
Loma Linda University **We aren't endorsed by this school
Course
HADM 508
Subject
Linguistics
Date
Aug 25, 2023
Pages
3
Uploaded by CaptainCoyote1509 on coursehero.com
A systematic review of the strategies and approaches aim at reducing communication challenges caused by accented English among international students The English language is considered to a global language with an extensive list of cultures and social groups adopting its usage (Rao, 2019). Spoken English is influenced by the influence of several dialects as well as other languages, thus the reason for so many distinct accents. According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, an accent is defined as a phonetic trait that emanates from a person's original language that is carried over into a second language (ASHA, 2017). Typically, an accent refers to the way in which words in a particular language are pronounced whether by native or non-native speakers. Jones (2019) describes an accent as a "unique mode of pronunciation within a given language that is specific to a country, region, or social class". Kashina (2017) points out certain factors that are responsible in acquiring and usage of a second language. These, according to the paper, are motivation, attitude, age, intelligence, aptitude, cognitive style, and personality. Additionally, the increase in the movement of people within and between countries bring to the fore the need to understand and deal with issues with issues regarding accent for multilingual speakers in order to enhance communication and service delivery. Simply put, every speaker has an accent, and this is influenced by and can help others to identify his or her geographical and social background. Research conducted on the subject by Rogers et al., (2004) suggest that when non-native people (in this case people for whom English is not a first language) speak, what they say is less intelligible, takes a longer time to process and is less accurately understood as compared to the speech of natives. This, they add, is particularly true for situations which can be considered as adverse, for example noisy places (Valles, 2015). Problem Statement 1 | P a g e
In situations where there is a linguistic diversity or there are people from different geographical and social backgrounds pursuing higher learning in an English speaking country, there is the likelihood of a challenge in the prompt comprehension of what has been said by them or to them. Findings from a number of studies conducted on the subject matter suggest that there is evidence that spoken language between non-natives or unfamiliar accented speakers and native listeners or vice versa may be problematic (Adank & Janse, 2010; Ferguson et al., 2010; Dunton et al., 2011). A number of studies have been conducted into the challenges of communication as a result of differences in accent in a number of settings including the healthcare setting (Adank & Janse, 2010). There is however a paucity of studies into the phenomenon in the area of academia and the situation of foreign students. Research Questions The research questions include: a) What are the difficulties faced by international students with accented English when it comes to communication? b) What are the proposed strategies and approaches to address the communication challenges experienced by international students with accented English? c) To what extent have these strategies and approaches been effective in improving the communication skills of international students with accented English? Research Objectives This study seeks to do a systematic review of the strategies and approaches aim at reducing communication challenges caused by accented English among international students . Specially, it will attempt to : 2 | P a g e
a) Review the literature on the difficulties that international students have communicating due to accented English b) Identify the different strategies and approaches that have been proposed to address the communication challenges faced by international students with accented English c) Ev aluate the effectiveness of each strategy and approach in improving the communication skills of international students with accented English. Significance of the study The study will significantly inform interventions and the design of training and facilitation programs in order to improve upon the quality of communication between multilingual individuals and students from various differing social and geographic backgrounds as well as go a long way to inform institutional policies with regards to language tuition needs of foreign students. The study will also be instrumental for future studies into the challenges of communication as a result of issues relating to language, accent and dialectical differences of individuals. Finally, it will add to the body of research on the subject matter and serve as a rich resource of reference for future interventions and research. 3 | P a g e
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