Study Guide Unit 9

Unit 9 Study Guide Key Terms: Matching law: this essentially sates that the effort put into a task depends on the reinforcer quality received for that task. You'll probably work less if you got paid more versus working more if you got paid less.
Undermatching: the matching law may predict higher rates of sensitivity to reinforcement, but it is actually less. So, if you predict that a client may match their effort for the iPad time, but the amount of work actually makes it so that the client doesn't care as much for iPad time. Response bias: when the clients start responding when way over another because of the reinforcement tied to that particular response. If the client gets more attention for climbing furniture than for sitting appropriately, then the client will continue climbing furniture. Generalized Matching Law: when choice behavior does not match up perfectly with the rules of the matching law. For example, this could be due to satiation of reinforcement and the client not responding to the tasks. Relative Rate of Responding: this is the average rate of responses on a given task for reinforcement. Basically, where responses are happening the most. Melioration: this is used to determine the match between reinforcement and the amount of effort required. Basically, like a tool analysts can use to determine how many responses are required in order to keep the individual wanting to work for the reinforcement. Concurrent-chain schedules: these schedules are more complex that basic fixed or interval schedules because they are run simultaneously. The individual gets to choose one of two or more schedules. You can have a fixed ratio and also a fixed interval schedule running at the same time for responses. For example, you can read a book for 30 minutes or write four paragraphs.
Molar Maximizing: when the clients spread their responses over various alternatives in order to get more reinforcement. So, an employee may do extra work around the clinic to get more social praise. Molecular Maximizing: when the clients choose a response alternative that will give them the most reinforcement at that particular point in time. So, a good example would be immediate gratification. Going to the mall and shopping for a bunch of things you like instead of saving for the one big thing you really want because the immediate reinforcement you get for shopping in this moment is better than waiting. Relative Rate of Reinforcement: the rate of reinforcement given based on the responses made on a given schedule of reinforcement. Basically, calculating where reinforcement is given the most. References Domjan, M. (2014). The principles of learning and behavior . Nelson Education.
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