NAME : CARAVILLE M. BEGUINWA
YEAR AND BLOCK: BSN IV-C
Maladministration of Justice-
means that Justice is only for who can afford. Due to the
inequitable treatment of Filipinos in the courts, justice was frequently delayed, resulting in
justice being denied. Because it was expensive and slow, justice was nearly difficult to grasp.
The majority of the judges were unskilled and inexperienced. It was likewise unavailable to
discrimination to the Filipino. During the Spanish colonial period,
racism was rampant. Dark-skinned Filipinos were referred to as "indios" and were seen as the
lowest social strata, illiterate, and unwelcomed. Jose Rizal was likewise a victim of racism
and was subjected to a great deal of discrimination. This is also why Spaniards thought
Filipinos were inferior due to their dark skin. Doa Victorina from Noli me Tangere reflected
white supremacy's poisonous mindset because she despised her appearance and desired to
marry a white Spaniard to elevate her social status.
means "Government by the Friars". During the Spanish colonization, friars
were given a great deal of control. They exploited this and devised their own nefarious
schemes to coerce people into abusing them. They had complete control over religion and
education, as well as governmental power, which enabled them to amass even more wealth.
refers to the mandate of the Spaniard to the Filipino to work at least 30 days
a year. Polo y servicio, or forced labor, was imposed on 16-60 Filipinos. They were forced to
work for 40 days a year to build schools, churches, bridges, and other structures, for which
they were paid only 50 centavos or worse, nothing at all. It was then changed to 18-60 years
old, with a 15-day service. By paying palla, or vast sums of money, the privileged were able
to forgo labor. Valeriano Weyler, widely known as the butcher, harassed and abused Filipino
laborers for his personal gain, demonstrating how heinous polo was at the time.
10. Haciendas owned by friars-
the Friars claim lands that are originally owned by the Filipino
Natives. Prior to the Reformation, friars were among the wealthiest landlords because they
owned the best agricultural areas of land. The rural residents who had previously lived on the
property became tenants, resulting in a brutal feud between the friars and the Filipinos. In
retribution, the friars increased their rents, making them even wealthier.
11. The Guardian Civil-
refers to the Military which is intended for stability of peace and order
of the Philippines but in reality they abused the Filipino people. The Guardia Civil was
established by royal decree to keep peace and order those who were opposed to that function;
they were notorious for torture, rape, and other horrors. This was demonstrated in Noli
meTangere with Elias.