Document 7U5IPFD

Child Abuse CJHS 315 - 2303A - 02 Unit 5 Individual Project ASFA ; Adoptions and Safe Families Act of 1997 Jeana Cree Student ID 25334057 COLORADO TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY Jordan Lynch July 16, 2023
ASFS ; Adoptions and Safe Families Act of 1997 The adoptions and safe families act is a movement that was signed into law by President Bill Clinton in 1997. (Public Law 105-89) The concept of this movement was to shorten the time a child spends in foster care waiting for permanent placement. This law would protect children from getting lost in the system for years, and sometimes most of their lives. Now the law states that after a specific amount of time in foster care the state must step in and locate that child permanent placement. Effectively creating an exit strategy for these children to get out of the foster care system. Some of the programs that the ASFA provides funding for include "The John H. Chafee Foster Care Independence Program". This program provides assistance for young adults with whom have recently or are currently "aging out" of the foster care program. Aging out is essentially when a child within foster care reaches the age of 18, turning into an adult. After reaching the age of 18 the child is then technically a legal adult and no longer a ward of the state. Another example of a program that is funded by the ASFA is "The Family Preservation and Support Services" recently re-named "The Promoting Safe and Stable Families Program". This program is self explanatory in that it works to assist families to stay together, and have the essentials they need to sustain a happy and healthy life. Also a program funded by the ASFA is The National Abandoned Infants Assistance Resource Center. This program works to assist and improve the quality of services provided to children and infants with whom are affected by HIV and drugs. Furthermore, the program provides assistance and resources to these children and their families. There are several programs for which ASFA supports or is providing funding for. The last program I have chosen to highlight for this assignment is "The National Association of Foster Care Reviewers. This program works to assist child welfare systems in the designing and implementing of services to help the families involved with foster care. The program also provides effective reviewing programs. Some of the changes the ASFA has made concerning foster care and adoption include the movement to protect parental rights for those whose children have been in the foster care system for at the least 15 of the past 22 months. Terminating the parental rights of these childrens biological parents makes these children eligible for adoption. This allows for permanent placement. Another significant change made by the signing of the ASFA into law was the requirements given to foster care
applicants. Now foster care applicants must give their fingerprints to authorities, and also are subject to their criminal backgrounds being checked. Also changed by the ASFA is the process for which each case is handled in court. Previously one case might be heard by multiple judges. Now the new law states that one case must maintain one judge. More than one judge took away from the clarity and effective judgment which could be had, now that clarity and effectiveness was entirely possible. Another of the changes is the incentive program, giving incentive to find these children permanent placement. States will receive $4000 of federal funds for every child that is found permanent placement. For every special needs child that is placed in a permanent home that state recieves $6000. Also changed was the stipulations put upon foster parents. Now an individual with whom has been convicted of a violent crime cannot foster children. Anyone who has been convicted of a violent crime against children cannot foster children, or had their parental rights terminated previously, or had their children removed from their home or care, cannot foster children. Additionally, anyone who has committed murder, felony assault, will not be able to foster children either. One of the provisions that ASFA has for fostering children with special needs is that the applicant must have valid health insurance that will cover children with special needs.
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