The powers and immunities of private security personnel are often unclear and
inconsistent, dependent upon fine distinctions, differ from jurisdiction, and differ
markedly from those of the public police even though security personnel are often
carrying out many of the same tasks in the same precincts.
The rules regarding the protection of property and citizen's arrest, for example, bear
Police and security officers provide an essential service in protecting people from
crime and violence.
differences between security personnel and police in education, employment status
significant growth in
electronic surveillance, monitoring and cash-in-transit services
all jurisdictions, are becoming increasingly reliant, if not
dependent, on private security services.
Consequently, regulation is needed in protecting the public from malpractice.
successful private sector partnerships are found where that sector is filling a need
that assists the public police to perform their role
as peace keepers.
While police have a democratic
duty to provide protection and law enforcement
private security personnel focus on supplying risk protection based on
even with high levels of cooperation in the sports arena market,
public/private cooperative services may be overlaid by their commercial and
Not only is it possible to use public/private police cooperation to deliver safe and
comfortable environments but, arguably, such cooperation is now imperative.
Elements: The tort of false imprisonment involves a direct and intentional or careless
total confinement of the plaintiff within an area fixed by the defendant, without legal
or statutory authority. There has to be an intention to detain. There has to be an absence of
reasonable means of escape (can be mental coercion and physical) and an absence of
Symes v Mahon  SASR 447: Case: Symes v Mahon (1922). Police officer informed
P there was a warrant for his arrest, and he must accompany him to Adelaide. P went to
Adelaide with D, but in a different compartment the next morning. P checked into a hotel and
took the tram with D to the police court. P discovered he was not in fact the person named in