1 Arguments Defining the Problem Space 1. There is a significantly different perception among African American and white students interested in law enforcement because of respect for police and perceptions of whether the police engage in racial profiling (Rossler et al., 2018). This perception has led many potential applicants to shy away from seeking a career in law enforcement because of the negative connotation of the career (Cambareri & Kuhns, 2018). 2. Law enforcement agencies in the United States have adopted various strategies focused on reducing police turnover. Examples of these interventions include leadership training, improving work morale, and enhancing personal wellness as interventions for reducing police turnover (Hilal & Litsey, 2020). Despite the interventions, a career in law enforcement continues to be characterized by stress, depression, and burnout. The manifestations of these challenges include alcoholism, suicide, and marital problems (Rossler et al., 2018). 3. Law enforcement agencies in the United States continue to encounter challenges in recruiting and retaining officers (Linos & Riesch, 2020; McCarty et al., 2019).
2 References Cambareri, J. F., & Kuhns, J. B. (2018). Perceptions and perceived challenges associated with a hypothetical career in law enforcement: Differences among male and female college students. Police Quarterly , 21 (3), 335-357. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098611118760862 Hilal S. & Litsey B. (2020). Reducing police turnover: Recommendations for the law enforcement agency. International Journal of Police Science and Management . 22 (1):73-83. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1461355719882443 . Linos, E., & Riesch, N. (2020). Thick red tape and the thin blue line: A field study on reducing administrative burden in police recruitment. Public Administration Review , 80 (1), 92-103. McCarty, W. P., Aldirawi, H., Dewald, S., & Palacios, M. (2019). Burnout in blue: An analysis of the extent and primary predictors of burnout among law enforcement officers in the United States. Police Quarterly, 22 (3), 278-304. https://doi.org/10.1177/1098611119828038 Rossler, M. T., Scheer, C., & Suttmoeller, M. J. (2018). Patrol career interest and perceptions of barriers among African-American criminal justice students. Policing: An International Journal, 42 (3), 421-440. https://doi.org/10.1108/pijpsm-06-2018-0078
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