HSE330-2-2 Outline

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Ck'yshir Jefferson HSE330-Public Policy and Advocacy Southern New Hampshire University September 10, 2023 2-2 Outline: Policy Approval Process Advocacy at the state or community levels is essential for influencing human or social services legislation. By actively engaging with policymakers, advocates can bring attention to specific needs and concerns within their communities that may otherwise go unnoticed. They can provide firsthand perspectives on challenges faced by individuals who rely on these services and propose solutions that lead to positive changes in legislation (Haq et al., 2021). For example, through advocacy efforts, community organizations have successfully advocated for increased funding for mental health programs and resources. To ensure effective policymaking that meets the needs of individuals and communities, it is crucial to make the public aware of proposed legislation that may affect them. Various strategies can be employed to achieve this goal. Public forums offer opportunities for open discussions between policymakers and community members where concerns can be raised (Haq et al., 2021). Media campaigns help disseminate information about proposed legislation through different channels such as television, radio broadcasts, newspapers, online platforms, etc. In New York state, The Senate's role is to collaborate with the Assembly, the Governor, and other parties to pass, amend, or repeal the legislation that makes up the body of law that
governs us. This entails creating, deliberating about, and passing laws and resolutions. The text demonstrates the procedure in a simplified pattern from "Idea" to "Law." Citizens can use the NYSenate.gov website to express their opinions to NY State Senators at any stage of the process. An innovative policy concept is where the legislative process starts. Senators frequently come up with those ideas, but they can also originate from a variety of sources, including the senator's constituents, a group that is advocating for new legislation, or a state official. Whatever its origin, this notion serves as the foundation for each new legislation or bill. The Senate cannot examine a proposed new legislation until a bill containing the proposed law has been produced. A bill is a collection of instructions for altering the wording of New York law. The Legislative Bill Drafting Commission personnel in New York State typically drafts bills since it requires specific legal skills. Lawyers working for state agencies and the executive branch frequently submit their proposals for legislation in the form of bills, however occasionally an interest group may have its own attorneys create one. The introduction of a bill into a committee is the first stage in the committee process. In most cases, bills are only proposed by politicians or by standing Senate and Assembly committees. The Executive Budget, which is presented directly by the Governor, is the lone exception. A bill is assigned a number by the Introduction and Revision Office and delivered to the relevant standing committee when it is introduced in the Senate. Standing Committee members consider legislation before deciding whether to "report" (bring them to the Senate floor) them for a vote by the entire membership. Each week, a committee agenda outlining the proposals and topics each Senate committee will be debating the next week is released. In order to hear from as many people as possible, committees frequently hold public hearings on bills. A
citizen's Senate representative can express their thoughts on a proposed bill to the committee members. The numerous measures that are introduced each session must pass through the committee system in order to be examined. Additionally, the method serves as a sieve to exclude undesired or unworkable concepts. Following deliberation, the committee may recommend the measure for consideration by the entire Senate, change the bill, or reject the bill. A vote is taken after an explanation, discussion, or dispute. The measure is submitted to the Assembly if it receives approval from a majority of senators. It is sent to a committee for debate, and if accepted there, it is then put to a vote by the whole membership. The measure moves on to the Governor if the Assembly passes it without alteration. If it is altered, it is sent back to the Senate for approval of the changes. If the Assembly first adopts a bill that is exactly the same as a Senate legislation or if the Senate alters an Assembly bill, the process is reversed. The Governor has 10 days (not including Sundays) to approve or reject legislation enacted by both chambers of the legislature while it is in session. Legislation that has been vetoed does not become law. However, if the governor doesn't sign or reject a measure within the allotted 10 days, it immediately becomes law. Bills that have been vetoed are sent back to the house that originally approved them along with a justification for the decision. If two-thirds of the members of each house vote to override the governor's veto, the measure will become law. The policy approval process in human services involves the use of both public and private funding streams, with differences in coalition-building legislative processes between the public and private sectors. Additionally, advocating for social change requires various aspects of building support in local communities. Public funding is a crucial element in the policy approval
process in human services. Government agencies play a vital role in obtaining and allocating public funds for these policies. These agencies work closely with legislative bodies to develop and implement policies that address societal needs and promote social welfare. The involvement of government entities ensures accountability and transparency in the allocation of resources. On the other hand, private funding streams also contribute significantly to the policy approval process. Non-profit organizations, foundations, or other private entities provide financial support for human services policies. These organizations often have specific areas of focus or priorities when it comes to supporting initiatives that align with their mission. Their involvement adds diversity to the sources of funding available for policy implementation. Comparison between public and private sector coalition-building legislative processes reveals distinct approaches. In the public sector, coalitions are typically built through formal channels such as committees, task forces, or working groups. These structures allow for collaboration among multiple stakeholders who share common goals. In contrast, private sector coalition- building tends to be more flexible and adaptable to changing circumstances. This approach enables non-profit organizations or foundations to form alliances with partner organizations based on shared interests or objectives. Advocating for social change requires community engagement as a key aspect. Raising awareness about social issues can be achieved through various strategies such as organizing community events or partnering with local organizations. By actively involving community members, advocates can foster a sense of ownership and collective responsibility towards addressing societal challenges. Mobilizing community support is crucial for successful advocacy.
Community forums or town hall meetings provide platforms for residents to voice their concerns and opinions. These gatherings allow advocates to gather valuable input from the community, shaping policies that are more responsive to local needs. Additionally, utilizing social media platforms or other communication channels can effectively disseminate information and reach a wider audience, enhancing community engagement. Building partnerships with community leaders and influencers is another vital strategy in advocating for social change. Establishing relationships with local politicians, religious leaders, or prominent figures can amplify the impact of advocacy efforts. By leveraging their influence and networks, advocates can garner support from key stakeholders who possess the power to effect change at various levels.
References Haq, C., Altman, W., Wilson, E., Iroku-Malize, T., Blackwelder, R., & Robinson, J. (2021). FROM ADFM: AMPLIFYING ADVOCACY IN FAMILY MEDICINE. The Annals of Family Medicine, 19(6), 569-570. https://doi.org/10.1370/afm.2594 How a bill becomes a law . NYSenate.gov. (n.d.). https://www.nysenate.gov/how-bill-becomes- law
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