Define and describe criminal responsibility

Define and describe criminal responsibility. (245) Criminal responsibility is a general concept of criminal law that identifies certain wrongdoing that society considers to be punishable. Individual autonomy and community welfare are two main principles that influence the decision on whether misconduct should be considered a crime. The former refers to the promotion of minimal criminalisation with the goal of allowing people to live their lives as freely as possible, while the latter explains that the need to protect the collective interests of the community. Criminal law, which results from the interaction of the two principles, aims to prevent harms and is applied to society to shield the interests and values. Specific policies and principles of criminal law have an impact on the scope of criminal liability (Findlay, 2014). However, the policy of minimal criminalisation supports that the criminal law should be used sparingly due to its coercive and liberty- depriving consequences. Criminal liability would be described as the point at which the committed offense results in a sentence, assuming that such act was culpable and governed by penal law (Michał Peno, 2019). There are traditional elements of criminal responsibility - mens rea, acts reus, recklessness, negligence, and intentionality - and that developed through the common law. All crimes involve some form of prohibited conduct, which can be an act or an omission. However, even if there are proofs covering both the conduct and mental elements of a crime, criminal responsibility will not be proven if the principle of contemporaneity is not applied.
Uploaded by MateElement3464 on