Juveniles in Corrections Social fn 1

1 Juveniles in Corrections Social Policies The Office of Justice and Delinquency Prevention created a standard operating procedure for crisis management in juvenile correctional institutions in October 2011. This document is useful because it explains how juvenile residential institutions can continue delivering essential services to their residents despite the presence of disruptive events and details the steps that local, county, and state juvenile systems can take to implement these strategies. This policy affects juvenile detainees because it ensures that they have access to the best possible care in the event of a crisis that could disrupt their stay at the facility. When an incident like this occurs on their premises, employees can refer to the policy's 12 steps for what to do next (U.S Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs, n.d.). In 2003, lawmakers in the United States passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act into law. The Act prevents minors from coming into contact with sexually abusive inmates and personnel and helps eliminate sexual misconduct. The policy is pertinent since it was created to protect young people in residential settings from sexual assault and harassment (U.S Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs, n.d.). Inmates of juvenile detention centers may potentially benefit from the guidelines established by the Juvenile Drug Treatment Court. Drug misuse is related to the subject of juvenile offenders since it is strongly associated with criminal behavior. In December 2016, the guidelines were finalized to aid young people who are at medium to high risk for recidivism due to substance use problems. They offer a framework for states to follow in treating and helping young people who are abusing drugs. Most adolescent inmates struggle with substance abuse,
2 and this policy addresses that fact while also providing a recovery program to aid in their rehabilitation (U.S Department of Justice, 2006). The federal statute that reviews whether or not a juvenile would be better treated and assessed outside of a correctional facility includes the existence of a program geared to treat the juvenile's behavior problems as one of the six elements to evaluate and prove for transfer. It wasn't until 1995 that the law was finally passed. Considerations for accepting a transfer include the juvenile's history, the seriousness of their offense, the results of any previous record checks, the juvenile's level of maturity and psychological development, the results of any previous treatment efforts, and the availability of a community-based program specifically designed to help them. The purpose of social workers is to assist their clients in exploring all of their options; therefore, it's crucial that discussions on juvenile correction include ample opportunity and access to information. Therefore, making them aware of these laws and initiatives by providing knowledge and awareness will help them see that there are other opportunities for them to escape the correctional facilities (The United States Department of Justice Archives, 2020).
3 References Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention(n,d). Programs. Prison rape elimination Act in juvenile facilities. https://ojjdp.ojp.gov/programs U.S Department of Justice (2006, December). Juvenile Drug Treatment Court Guidelines. Office of Juvenile and Delinquency Prevention. https://ojjdp.ojp.gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh176/files/pubs/250368.pdf U.S Department of Justice (2020, January). The United State Department of Justice Archives. The six factors to consider and prove for transfer. https://www.justice.gov/archives/jm/criminal-resource-manual-131-six-factors- considerand-prove-transfer
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