means that, based on your observations, training and experience, you have a
suspicion that a vulnerable person has been subject to abuse or neglect as described below.
Significant incidents that may place a vulnerable person at risk of harm must also be reported.
Reasonable cause can be as simple as doubting the explanation given for an injury.
however reporting may be delayed to prevent harm (e.g., for as
long as it takes to call emergency responders and/or address the need to maintain supervision.)
Staff "going off-duty" does not justify a reporting delay. In any event, reports must be made to
the VPCR within 24 hours.
comes from witnessing the situation or when the vulnerable person or another
individual comes to you and the available information indicates reasonable cause.
In addition to Mandated Reporters, anyone who has reasonable cause to suspect a Reportable Incident
involving a Vulnerable Person should immediately call the VPCR.
If a Mandated Reporter or any other person has doubts about whether the available information
indicates such reasonable cause, he or she should call the VPCR.
Reporting to the VPCR is an additional reporting requirement and does not relieve the Mandated
Reporter of any other reporting requirements or duties that may be required by law, regulation or
WHO ARE VULNERABLE PERSONS?
The Act defines a Vulnerable Person as a person who due to physical or cognitive disabilities or the need
for services or placement is receiving care from a facility or provider within the systems of the State
Oversight Agencies (SOA).
WHAT FACILITIES & PROGRAMS ARE COVERED BY THE ACT?
Facilities and programs that are operated, certified, or licensed by the Office for People With
Developmental Disabilities (OPWDD);
Facilities and programs that are operated, certified, or licensed by the Office of Mental Health
(OMH), except Secure Treatment Facilities and programs located in correctional facilities;
Facilities and programs that are operated, certified, or licensed by the Office of Alcoholism and
Substance Abuse Services (OASAS);
Facilities and programs operated by the Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS) for youth
placed in the custody of the Commissioner of OCFS; OCFS licensed or certified residential facilities
that care for abandoned, abused, neglected, and dependent children, Persons In Need of
Supervision, or juvenile delinquents; Family Type Homes for Adults; OCFS certified runaway and
homeless youth programs; and OCFS certified youth detention facilities.
Adult homes licensed by the Department of Health (DOH) that have over 80 beds, and where at
least 25% of the residents are persons diagnosed with a serious mental illness and have fewer
than 55% of beds designated as Assisted Living Program (ALP) beds.
Overnight summer day and traveling summer day camps for children with developmental