Material Object: The India Gate Kasra Amini Hist 243 Dr Bidisha Ray 15thMarch, 2022
1 Material Object: The India Gate
2 This paper is my reaction to the remarkable monument in India named the India Gate. This monument was created as a war memorial location in New Delhi. The Imperial War Graves Commission (IWGC), established in December 1918 under British authority to erect memorials and gravesites for soldiers murdered in the First World War, was responsible for constructing the India Gate1 . The visiting Duke of Connaught lay the gate's foundation stone, then referred to the All India War Memorial, in February 1921 at 16:30, in a function held by men and officers of the Imperial Service Troops, British Indian Army, Viceroy Chelmsford, and the Commander in Chief2. The viceroy is claimed to have declared at the time, "The inspiring narratives of personal heroism, will continue living in the history of this country," and that the monument, which was a work of art at the time, would inspire forthcoming generations to face hardships with the same kind of bravery. Commemoration of heroes is important in life because we ought to remember those who sacrificed their lives for our well-being. Soldiers put their lives at risk to fight for their nations. The death of soldiers while on the battlefield is a sentimental issue to cope with. The loved ones of the fallen soldiers are the most affected by the loss. Therefore, granting them a platform to commemorate their dead people that died at war is significant. Sir Edwin Lutyens, New Delhi's chief architect and a participant of the Imperial War Graves Commission of Europe's greatest designers of war memorials and graves, designed the memorial gate3. He constructed 66 war monuments to serve as memorials in Europe, such as the well-known London Cenotaph, the first national war memorial built following World War I. At that time, British Prime Minister David Lloyd had appointed him. Just like Cenotaph in London, 1 Gada et al., "Monument recognition using deep neural networks." 2 Arunima, "Anna: the image of India." 3 Johnson, "New Delhi's All-India War Memorial (India Gate): Death, Monumentality and the Lasting Legacy of Empire in India."