US History Unit 3 Study Guide

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US History Unit 3 Study Guide The US in World War I 1. Erich Maria Remarque - Author of "All Quiet on the Western Front" 2. Urban League - Founded by middle-class northern blacks. Civic organization with the goal of "urbanizing" southern blacks, so they could live and work in the industrial north. 3. YMCA - Young Men's Christian Association. Helped southern migrants adjust to life in the urban north. 4. East St. Louis Riot - Owners used black workers to undermine a union strike, of white workers. White anger boiled over and left 9 whites and 39 blacks dead in the riot. Afterwards 6000 blacks migrated out of East St. Louis, IL. 5. Carrie Chapman Catt - Leader of the National American Women's Suffrage Association (NAWSA). 6. Eric Muenter - German-American professor, planted a small bomb that exploded in the US Senate building on July 2, 1915. Also broke into the home of JP Morgan and shot him. Committed suicide in jail. 7. Black Tom Explosion - A spy detonated a bomb in a munitions depot in Black Tom, NJ. Shrapnel from the explosion damaged the Statue of Liberty. 8. Robert Prager - American socialist of German descent. Lynched by a mob for suspected ties to Germany. 11 charged and acquitted of the crime. 9. CPI - Committee of Public Information, headed by George Creel 10.4-Minute Men - Government workers gave speeches rallying Americans to support the war. Speeches were about 4 minutes in length. 11.Espionage Act of 1917 - Made it a crime to "obstruct military recruitment, to encourage mutiny, or to aid the enemy by spreading lies." 12.Sedition Act of 1918 - Restricted written word. 13.Eugene V. Dobs - Pacifist and war opponent. In 1918, sentenced to 10 years in prison for "sedition". Ran for President as a Socialist from prison, got over 1 million votes. 14.Woodrow Wilson - President of United States 1912-1918. 15.Ellen Axson - Woodrow Wilson's second wife. 16.Monroe Doctrine - United States would stay out of European affairs, unless invited. 17.Roosevelt Corollary - United States was sheriff and banker of western hemisphere. 18.War Industries Board - It had the authority to determine which resources were most valuable to the war effort, and then establish a plan for rationing in favor of the troops overseas. Created by Wilson. 19.Railroad Administration - Wilson nationalized railroads, oversaw it with this. 20.Fuel Administration - Encouraged more coal output, also had authority to control pricing, prioritize use of shipping, and rationing.
21.Food Administration - Authority to price control food, created with the 1917 Lever Food and Fuel Act. 22.Ellis Island - Only place to process new immigrants. In 1914 1.2 million people came through, by 1917 only 110 thousand came through. 23.Black Migrants - Southern blacks moved north for better paying jobs and less racism. 24.U-boats - German submarines 25.Lusitania - British ocean liner, sunk by German U-boat, killing 1198 passengers (128 Americans) 26.Ernest Cowper - Survivor of the Lusitania, Toronto newsman. 27.The Arabic - British ship sunk in 1915 by U-boat. Led to Germany reducing U-boat operations to not provoke US entering the war. 28.Zimmermann Note - Coded message from Germany to Mexico trying to get Mexico to invade US to keep us from fighting in Europe. 29.Unrestricted Submarine Warfare - German tactic to sink anything with ally flag by U-boats. 30.Tsar Nicholas II - Leader of Russian Empire in WW1 31.Vladimir Lenin - Communist who led overthrow of Russian Tsar. Created U.S.S.R. Got Russia out of WW1. 32.Treaty of Brest-Litovsk - Treaty between Russia and Germany to end the war between them. 33.Battle of Caporetto - Austria vs Italy. Italy lost and left the war. 34.Ferdinand von Zeppelin - Created dirigibles help aloft with hydrogen-gas 35.Orville and Wilbur Wright - First flight of airplane in Kitty Hawk, NC. 36.Roland Garros - French pilot. First "ace", for killing 5 German planes. 37.Eddie Rickenbacker - American pilot, race car driver, and private chauffer of General Pershing. 38.John J Pershing - Overall commander of American forces in WW1 39.Charles E Stanton - "Lafayette, we are here!" 40.Fourteen Points - Wilson's plan for post-war peace. 41.League of Nations - Precursor to the United Nations, United States did not join. Based in Belgium. 42.Spanish Influenza - Pandemic, started in United States, that killed millions worldwide. 43.Kaiser Offensive - Last German offensive operation of WW1 44.Meuse-Argonne Offensive - Last Allied offensive of WW1. Led to German collapse and peace talks. 45.Weimar Republic - What led Germany after WW1. 46.The 11's - November 11, at 11 a.m. the war would officially end. 47.Paris Peace Conference - Talks that created the treaties to end WW1
48.The Big Four - US President Woodrow Wilson, French Premier Georges Clemenceau, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, Italian Premier Vittorio Orlando. 49.Italia Irridenta - Land that Austria had that Italy got back in the peace talks. 50.Treaty of Versailles - Treaty between Germany and the Allies. 51.Saar Basin - Rich coal area of Germany that France got to control for 15 years. Voted to rejoin Germany in 1935. 52.Rhineland - DMZ set up between France and Germany after the war. 53.War Reparations - Germany was to repay the Allies $32 billion. Germany stopped payments when Hitler came to power. 54.Article 231 - War Guilt Clause. Placed blame of entire war at Germany's feet. 55.Henry Cabot Lodge - US Senator that opposed US signing of Treaty of Versailles, because the thought the League of Nations could order the American military. 56.Successor States - New nations created from the Central Powers. 57.Soviet Union - Created after fall of Romanov Russian Empire. Communist State.
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