Week 3 Kimberly Williston

University of Phoenix **We aren't endorsed by this school
CJS 221
Health Science
Apr 17, 2023
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Juvenile process
The data shown here is the comparison of two year data of 15 year olds. in the blue which represents 2019 it is shown the number of 1Tmitted and disposed by juvenile. In 2020 there were 10,355. In every categories of these crimes the trend is down. Juvenile processing is outlined from the time of the offense through sentencing decisions, and an examination of the measures of juvenile delinquency considers self-report studies, victim surveys, observation methods, the behavioral characteristics of offenders, and the subclassification of delinquency and conduct disorders(Rutter & Giller, 1984). The first step in processing a juvenile case is intake. The intake may decide to either place a warning or send the case to court. If there is sufficient evidence it may be heard either formally or informally. A petition is filed and the case is placed on the court calendar (or docket) for an adjudicatory hearing. On the other hand, the intake department may decide that a case should be removed from juvenile court and handled instead in criminal (adult) court. In these cases, a petition is usually filed in juvenile court requesting a waiver/transfer hearing, during which the juvenile court judge is asked to waive jurisdiction over the case. At the disposition hearing, the juvenile court judge determines the most appropriate sanction, generally after reviewing a predisposition report prepared by the probation department. The range of options available to a court typically includes commitment to an institution; placement in a group or foster home or other residential facility; probation (either regular or intensive supervision); referral to an outside agency, day treatment, or mental health program; or imposition of a fine, community service, or restitution. Youth in 27% (71 of 264) of adjudicated delinquency cases were placed in a residential facility. In another 66% (175 of 264) of these adjudicated cases, youth were placed on formal probation(Juveniles in Court). Rutter, M., & Giller, H. (1984). Juvenile Delinquency - Trends and Perspectives. https://www.ojp.gov/ncjrs/virtual-library/abstracts/juvenile-delinquency-trends-and-perspectives
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