Terms

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School
Tennessee College of Applied Technology, Jackson **We aren't endorsed by this school
Course
HEALTH KINESIOLOG
Subject
Health Science
Date
Oct 5, 2023
Pages
4
Uploaded by vanwinklekg on coursehero.com
Terms Anatomical References and Terminology Nomenclature Shared system or set of terms used by scientific disciplines Anatomical Position Body is erect with head facing forward, arms hanging straight down, and palms forward Neutral Position The joint angle when in anatomical position Sagittal Plane Left and right sections Midsagittal / Median Plane Equal left and right sections Parasagittal Plane Unequal left and right sections Frontal Plane Anterior (front) and posterior (back) sections Transverse Plane Superior (top) and posterior (bottom) sections Axis of Rotation Imaginary line in which rotation occurs
Anatomical Terms of Direction Anterior (Ventral) In / toward the front Anteroinferior In front and below Anterolateral In front and to one side (typically the outside) Anteromedial In front and toward the midline Anterosuperior In front and above Bilateral On two / both sides Contralateral On the opposite side Deep Away from surface of body Distal Farther away from axial skeleton (trunk) Inferior (Caudal) Toward the feet or ground, or below relative to another structure Ipsilateral On the same side Lateral Away from midline or structure, or further from midsagittal plane Medial Toward the midline or structure, or closer to the midsagittal plane Posteroinderior Behind and below, in back and below Posterior (Dorsal) Behind, in back, or toward the rear Posterolateral Behind and toward one side (typically the outside) Posteromedial Behind and toward the inner side or midline Posterosuperior Behind and above Prone Body laying on the belly with face downward Proximal Closer to axial skeleton (trunk) Superficial Toward or nearer to the surface of the body Superior (Cephalic) Toward the head, or above relative to another structure Supine Body lying on back with face upward Unilateral On one side
Joint Movements Flexion and Extension: Flexion : Decreasing the angle between two body parts, often in the sagittal plane (e.g., bending the elbow). Extension : Increasing the angle between two body parts or straightening a joint (e.g., straightening the knee). Abduction and Adduction: Abduction : Moving a body part away from the midline of the body (e.g., spreading fingers apart). Adduction : Moving a body part toward the midline of the body (e.g., bringing fingers back together) Rotation: Medial Rotation: Turning a body part toward the midline (inward rotation, e.g., rotating the hip inward). Lateral Rotation: Turning a body part away from the midline (outward rotation, e.g., rotating the hip outward). Circumduction : Moving a limb or extremity in a circular motion, often involving a combination of flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction (e.g., the motion of the shoulder joint). Pronation and Supination: Pronation : Rotating the forearm and hand so that the palm faces downward (e.g., turning the palm downward while holding a bowl of soup). Supination : Rotating the forearm and hand so that the palm faces upward (e.g., turning the palm upward to hold a glass of water). Dorsiflexion and Plantar Flexion: Dorsiflexion : Flexing the ankle joint so that the top of the foot moves toward the shin (e.g., lifting the toes upward). Plantar Flexion: Extending the ankle joint so that the foot points downward (e.g., pointing the toes downward) Elevation and Depression: Elevation :
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