ANSC 307 1 Meat Inspection

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School
Texas A&M University **We aren't endorsed by this school
Course
ANSC 307
Subject
Health Science
Date
Mar 1, 2023
Pages
9
Uploaded by EarlAnteater30 on coursehero.com
1 Meat Inspection Objectives: To inform students of the history associated with the laws governing the slaughter, processing and distribution of meat. To contrast the differences between meat inspection and meat grading. To provide some insight into the functions and areas of responsibility of meat inspection. There is no relationship between grading and inspection ! Meat Grading is a voluntary service (plants pay a fee for this service) while Meat Inspection is a mandatory service (plants do not pay except for overtime and holiday needs). Reasons for meat inspection : (1) Failure of Europeans to recognize our meat inspection laws of the late 1800's. (2) President Theodore Roosevelt's investigation of Chicago meat packers (1904 -1906). a. Roosevelt's testimony to Senate Investigating Committee regarding "The Embalmed Beef Scandal" in the Spanish -American War. b. "Conditions in Chicago Stockyards" message from the President to the House of Representatives (summarizing the Reynolds and Neill Report) on June 4, 1906. (3) Upton Sinclair's book, "The Jungle," published in 1906. Led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 (June 30, 1906). Meat Inspectors identify meat as: Healthy (no disease), Sound (clean, sanitary), Wholesome (not adulterated), Properly Labeled (it is what it says it is). U.S. EST. 38 U.S. 38 INSPECTED AND PASSED BY DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE I N S P ' D & P ' S ' D
2 Functions of meat inspection : Detection and destruction of diseased and/or contaminated meat. Assurance of clean and sanitary handling and preparation. Minimization of microbiological contamination of meat. Prevention of adulteration (the addition of harmful substances or products considered improper in certain specified quantities) and the presence of chemical or drug residues. Prevention of false labeling. Application of the inspection stamp. Jurisdiction for meat inspection: Federal government (if meat is to be sold in interstate or foreign commerce) or State government (if meat is to be sold only in intrastate commerce). Wholesome Meat Act (1967) Federal meat inspection : Also called "Equal To" law. Required that states have inspection programs "equal to" that of the federal government. Administered by United States Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service, Washington, DC. o At this point, the original Meat Inspection Act was renamed and is now called the Federal Meat Inspection Act (FMIA). Texas Meat and Poultry Inspection Act (1969) Texas meat inspection: Administered by Texas Department of State Health Services, Texas State Meat and Poultry Inspection Program, Meat Safety Assurance Unit, Austin. Talmadge - Aiken Agreement: TA plants are federally inspected but staffed by state employees. Cooperative Interstate Shipment (CIS) Program: Authorized under the 2008 Farm Bill. Promotes the expansion of business opportunities for state-inspected meat and poultry establishments. Under CIS, state-inspected plants can operate as federally inspected facilities, under specific conditions, and ship their product in interstate commerce and internationally. Currently, nine states have CIS programs. Exemptions from Federal or State meat inspection: Curtis Amendment Custom slaughterers-cutters-processors of: farm animals for farmers and game animals for hunters. Farmers Exemption When meat is to be used by the farmer for his own use, for his family and for his nonpaying guests. Areas of responsibility for meat inspection : 1) Facilities construction and operational sanitation Plants must be constructed so that they are: 1) Clean (and can be cleaned). 2) Do not contribute to hazards in meat.
3 Operational sanitation specifications for water supply, drainage, waste disposal, lighting, ventilation, refrigeration, insect and rodent control; workforce: continuous inspection patrol, reinspection privilege, surveillance of workers. 2) Antemortem inspection Inspection of animals before slaughter, inspected in pens on the premises, on the day of slaughter, in motion and at rest. If acceptable, passed for slaughter. If not, U.S. Suspect seriously crippled, reactors to T.B. test, immature animals, minor epithelioma of the eye or of the orbital region. U.S. Condemned "downers," deads, moribund (about to die), comatose, temperature above 105°F (106°F if swine), suspect dies in pen, animals with obvious symptoms of a disease. FSIS 5-04 Notice - Non-ambulatory disabled cattle (released in 2004) Veterinary Medical Officer to condemn All non-ambulatory disabled cattle; and All cattle showing central nervous system symptoms regardless of whether the cattle are ambulatory. If not already dead, condemned livestock shall be killed by the establishment. Such animals cannot enter establishments to be slaughtered or dressed. Animal Disposition Reporting System (ADRS) Cattle Condemned Antemortem in USDA Inspected Establishments Period: Fiscal Year 2002 Steers Heifers Cows Deads (1,312) Deads (992) Deads (17,333) Abscess Pyemia (113) Moribund (84) Moribund (6,207) Moribund (111) Central Nervous System Disorder (38) Pyrexia (737) Source: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/ophs/adrsdata/2002/adrsfy02.htm
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