1 Geology Students Name Institution Affiliation Professor Name Course Name and Number Assignment Due Date
2 Climate change is a pervasive and upcoming global threat to biodiversity and ecosystems. The reaction of species and the population directly affects change of climate, leading to a diverse change in productivity, the interaction of species, and vulnerability to invasion in biological. Altogether these effects change the benefits and services provided by the natural ecosystem in the community. Even though not all products are harmful, the positive changes also require expensive societal adjustments. Assessment of recent and upcoming changes in climate effects on the ecosystem is significant in developing and updating the natural management of resources and evaluating adaptation actions (Helmholt, 2022). Changes in climate and non-climate stressors interact and affect ecological systems at various scales where the stressors impact individuals, populations, and species together with processes in the ecosystem. Even though climate change is comprehensive, they do not conform to the accumulation of evidence indicating that change in climate response differs as activities of relative risk due to variation in uncovered, ability, and adaptable capacity. Climate change drives changes in the environment, distributing natural habitats and general in the methods that have no doubt. Many signs have shown that increasing temperatures impact biodiversity and rearranging design in rainfall, incredibly high weather events, and ocean acidification, adding more effects on species whose activities of human beings have threatened. Threats posed by climate change will increase with time, and changes in ecosystems have the potential to affect climate change. The cause of this is the rise in warming and increased temperatures leading to improvement in intensity and progress of the fire, storms, or even the periods of showers. For example, the change of climate between 2019 and 2020 in Australia's forests and nearby habitats were affected by the fire, which was worsened by climate change. The rise in global temperatures can change the ecosystem for an extended period leading to alteration of what can grow and survive (Sintayehu, 2018). Ocean acidification through absorption of excess CO2 is released through activity by a human being, and this reaction produces weak carbonic acids, which make changes to seawater chemistry. Through this, carbonate ions which act as building blocks for marine creatures, are depleted. Further, climate change warms the ocean affecting drifting marine organisms which are part of the planetary life support system. Another is through an increase in oceanic dead acid where fertilizer and run-off of sewages lead to the emergence of plankton when this die and are taken by bacteria that remove waters of oxygen. Rocks, sediments, and soils form the living habitats of plants and animals. Geomorphological processes, including the mountains, rivers, and coasts, are also crucial in maintaining habitats and ecosystems on which our diversity depends. The operations of geology are the controlling factors in the change of climate and its impact on biodiversity. The interconnection between geodiversity and biodiversity shapes the ecosystems and, in return, has implications for the response of the ecosystem to climate change. The composition of substrates has a significant role in the determination of biodiversity. Reactions of the ecosystem to change in climate and the rise of sea level with dependence on geomorphological activities and the ability to resist change. Some dwellings may be extreme as the processes change naturally, and a high rate makes it possible for biodiversity to adapt to climate change. At the same time, other organisms may not cope with the speeding processes of geomorphology (Helmholt, 2022). The geological records give information concerning past environments and their reaction to the broad comparable change in the climate. Climate change is leading to large scale-shifts in the distribution of species, and in turn, marine creatures have shown various shifts than the increased shifts in identified systems and at the speed of climate change.
3 Climate change impacts biodiversity in a couple of ways. There is evidence that climate change directly affects environmental conditions connected to climatic extremes, with the possibility that essential shifts in ranges of distribution lead to species extinction. Climate change affects biodiversity through indirect human-related impacts, driving the loss of livelihoods and displacement with an effect on food and commodity systems of production by use of implications on production by land and human health. Transition in global land-use patterns results in driving habitat conversion causing dramatic effects on biodiversity. Assessment in large scales of biodiversity change in reaction to changes in climate has looked at direct impacts of climate change on biophysical conditions of loss of habitat. Many of the urban areas are located in low-lying areas and around the mouth of major rivers placing economic capital and human beings at the risk of hazards brought by the change in the climate. Energy shortages are one of the threats posed by the change in temperature, especially in urban areas prone to changing climate (Antonelliet al., 2018). Damaged infrastructure and heat-related mortality and illness are other effects of climate change, which lead to economic loss. Through that population is faced with difficulties maintaining their livelihoods, thus exacerbating social issues like poverty. An increase in climate change demonstrates disproportionate impacts on individuals with few resources that are socially isolated. Economically change in climate disrupts the flow of goods and services in urban areas where there is interference in providing a wide range of services due to frequent hazards and environmental conditions. In conclusion, there is a need to concentrate on the need to handle the issue of climate change and biodiversity in geology due to the effects of this issue. From the discussion, we learn that the earth is warming at a faster rate, and failure to reduce the greenhouse effect will lead to the destruction of biodiversity. Biodiversity is more than species but is a complex concept that comprises genetic diversity and the function of ecosystem and services. Thus concentration on climate change and protection will help reduce destroying meaningful lives other than species only (Antonelliet al.,2018). When discussing the correction of climate change, the conversation should be directed towards building adaptive capacity in the species. To effectively handle the issue of biodiversity, the expansion of adaptive capabilities should be close to theoretical. Strategies like breeding organisms to bolster diversity in genetics and connection of habitats to enlarge the space of living. The issue of saving biodiversity from climate change is unleashed, where researchers are open to looking for new methods to control climate change by reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. Basing our research on the issue of climate change and diversity, temperature spikes are the leading causes of the evolution of climate, leading to a lessening in biodiversity. Evidence exists to show that many species are vulnerable to temperatures, and thus, if initiatives can be taken in prevent high temperatures, biodiversity is reduced more expertly. The correlation between climate change and geology is an essential factor in the protection of biodiversity in that position of soil, rocks, and sediments are the basics and habitats of the species.