Speech 1NC Round 5 7-30 10AM (8)

Harvard University **We aren't endorsed by this school
Nov 15, 2023
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OFF Topicality : Inconsistent dividends aren't topical. Torry '22 [Malcolm Torry; 2022; Director of the Citizen's Income Trust and an honorary research fellow in the Social Policy Department at the LSE; Basic Income—What, Why, and How? "Defining Basic Income," p. 13-28] Defining 'Basic Income' 'Basic Income' is frequently defined in relation to a list of characteristics. An income might belong in the category 'Basic Income' if it is 'unconditional', 'nonwithdrawable', and paid to 'each individual' rather than to households . However, as we have seen, meaning might be richer than definition. Usually unstated , but generally assumed , are some additional characteristics: That the income will be paid monthly, fortnightly, or weekly (or perhaps daily?). The Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend (Goldsmith, 2012: 49-50) is paid annually and is therefore not a Basic Income . That the income will not vary , although regular annual upratings will be expected . Again, the Alaska Permanent Fund dividend, which is the payment of a varying dividend, is not a B asic I ncome . That the income will vary with the recipient's age , with a 'standard' amount for working age adults, smaller amounts for children, and perhaps for young adults, and larger amounts for individuals over a defined state pension age. This assumption would appear to breach the 'unconditional' requirement, and strictly speaking it does: but because this conditionality is of a particular type, the breach is permitted. In relation to social security benefits, conditionalities exhibit two variables: ease of administration, and whether or not enquiry has to be made into an individual's situation or activity. Two of the expected advantages of a Basic Income are that it will be simple to administer, and that it will require no bureaucratic intrusion into the lives of recipients. Employment market status, household structure, and disability, are conditionalities about which enquiries have to be made, so none of them can be permitted to influence the level of someone's Basic Income. On the other hand, nobody would ever have to enquire into someone's age once the government's computer knew their date of birth. Their Basic Income would begin at their birth, the computer would automatically increase their Basic Income as they ceased to be children, when they became working age adults, and when they passed state retirement age, and it would turn off their Basic Income when they died. There would be no bureaucratic intrusion, and, indeed, no active administration to be done. These three assumptions are generally understood to belong to the definition of a Basic Income, but they are rarely stated . If 'definition' means a set of words that give some indication of the meaning of 'Basic Income', then the definition will rarely include these three assumptions. If by 'definition' we mean the understood meaning of 'Basic Income', then they do belong to the definition. If we look for the words that generally accompany 'Basic Income' then we will often find the words 'unconditional', 'nonwithdrawable', and 'individual'. We might find 'regular', which can encapsulate the first assumption above; we might find a statement that the payment would be 'equal' or 'uniform', reflecting the second assumption; and we will generally find different levels of Basic Income for different age groups, reflecting the third assumption. So in the case of 'Basic Income', usage delivers a fairly consistent set of characteristics , and our first two definition methods converge.
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