Abdullahi Factors Influencing Relief Food Distribution System In Kenya-13

Chamberlain College of Nursing **We aren't endorsed by this school
ALL 66
Nov 1, 2023
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The objective of the assessments was to establish the impacts of the long rains 2008 and other factors on household food security, and provide recommendations on necessary immediate interventions regarding food security related sectors such as Water and Sanitation, Agriculture and livestock, Health, Nutrition and Food aid. The findings from the assessments indicated that food security situation has declined substantially in some districts following generally poor long rains of 2008 in most arid and semi-arid areas of the county. The most affected areas were Turkana. Mandera, Samburu. Baringo, Marsabit, Wajir, Moyale and Garissa districts. Equally affected were areas such as lsiolo, Laikipia, Ijara, Taita Taveta, Kitui, Mwingi, Makueni. Mbeere, Malindi, Kilifi, Kwale, Kinango, Tana River and Kajiado districts. Consequently, these areas were experiencing several food security related problems including early livestock migration; weakening of livestock conditions and enhanced conflicts due to competition for grazing and water resources. Other problems were crop failure, severe depletion of pasture and browse, reduced water levels disrupted school attendance and increased school dropout rates especially in pastoral areas. The situation has been worsened by highly virulent peste de petits ruminants (PPR) livestock disease in some areas and heightened food and non-food prices. In addition, food security had deteriorated to levels of concern among urban populations that depended almost entirely on food purchases. These populations has been affected mainly by rising food prices amidst relatively static incomes. Preliminary indications have revealed that the number of people that were highly food insecure in urban slums as a result of rising food prices, as of July 2008 may be in the range of 3.5 to million up from about 3 million persons in 2007. furthermore, expected maize production during the 2008 long rains had been affected by several factors including poor weather patterns in semi-arid areas, displacements after the post election violence and high agricultural input prices. Moreover, levels of maize stocks including the Strategic Grain Reserves were very low. It is estimated that about 1.38 million people in rural areas were highly food insecure with no purchasing power. 4
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